Resources for Learning and Research

2011-12 General Catalog

University Library

The handsome McHenry and Science & Engineering libraries house the impressive holdings of UCSC’s University Library—the largest library collection between Santa Barbara and San Jose. In more than four decades, the collection has grown from a few shelves of books and a substantial dependence on the libraries of UC Berkeley to more than 2 million volumes, over 27,500 periodical titles (including online journals), in excess of 650,000 microforms, and more than 430,000 non-print items including films, slides, and audio- and video recordings.

As part of the statewide University of California library system, the University Library also serves as gateway to millions of other books and periodicals at other campuses throughout the state. The library’s efficient Interlibrary Loan service is heavily used, especially the online request service of the California Digital Library.

The University Library collection is divided into two parts. Resources in the humanities, arts, and social sciences are contained in McHenry Library at the heart of the campus, while the engineering, mathematics, and natural sciences collections are housed in the award-winning Science & Engineering Library, conveniently located on “Science Hill.”

Subject bibliographers manage the growth and development of UCSC’s collection and provide in-depth research assistance.

Most of the holdings of the University Library are shelved in open stacks. Students and faculty are encouraged to help themselves, using information found via the local Cruzcat online library catalog, the systemwide Melvyl® catalog, and the library web site. The library home page provides a convenient gateway to the Cruzcat and Melvyl catalogs, the California Digital Library, and a host of other electronic information resources, such as article databases and online journals. The library staff is also eager to offer its assistance at any of several service points.

At the reference desks in both libraries, reference librarians give individual guidance: general orientation for the newcomer and specialized help for the researcher. Librarians assist in the use of a wide range of resources—in print and online—including more than 200 online article databases to which the library subscribes. Librarians also offer group instruction: orientation sessions at the beginning of each quarter, library research workshops, and upon request, specialized instruction to classes in all disciplines.

The Reserve service, located at the respective circulation desks, lends copies of assigned class readings on a short-term basis, operates a web-based electronic reserve system, and provides protection for vulnerable circulating materials and heavily used periodicals. In addition, the Science & Engineering Library Reserve Unit provides access to recent newspapers.

Special Collections at McHenry Library contains rare, valuable, and often fragile materials that do not circulate. Holdings focus on local history and 20th-century literature and book arts. Special Collections also houses the official campus archive, as well as the archives of George Barati, Gregory Bateson, Thomas Carlyle, Lou Harrison, Kenneth Patchen, Edward Weston, the Grateful Dead, and the Shameless Hussy, Trianon, and Turtle Island presses.

Other important collections and services include:

  • Government Publications, a selective depository for documents published by U.S., California, and Santa Cruz government agencies
  • The Media Center, which provides access to audio and video in all formats; CD-ROMs; support for music study, including music scores and music reserves via iTunes and electronic reserves (ERes); and language-related audio and video recordings
  • The Map Collection, with maps and aerial photographs of Santa Cruz and adjoining counties, and topographic, nautical, and aeronautical maps from all over the world
  • The Mary Lea Shane Archives of the Lick Observatory, a national resource for the history of astronomy
  • The Regional History Project’s documentation of Central California history
  • The Visual Resource Collection, which emphasizes art history but also includes slides on science, history, and the UCSC campus and offers the web-based SlideCat slide catalog

For more information, see the library’s home page,

Center for Teaching and Learning (CTL)

The CTL is a professional resource dedicated to promoting, sustaining, and recognizing teaching excellence at UCSC. CTL programs and services support instructors in their efforts to develop as teachers, to enhance the quality of instruction, and to improve students’ learning.

Regular programs and services include Instructional Improvement Grants, Excellence in Teaching Awards, Symposia, a library of instructional resources, Electronic Mid-quarter Analysis of Teaching, and UCSC Instructor Evaluations.

CTL is located in 133 Kerr Hall. For more information, visit the web: Center for Teaching and Learning.

Computing and Technology Services

Information Technology Services (ITS)

ITS at UCSC provides a broad spectrum of IT-related resources, services, and support to students, faculty, and staff in the areas of computing, network, telephones, media services, information systems security, web, e-mail, and instructional technology. See Information Technology Services. ITS operates the campus network, which connects computers, workstations, instructional computing labs, and computer-equipped classrooms with each other and the Internet. In addition, wireless access called CruzNet is available across campus. See Cruznet. ITS also provides the campus with technical services and computer support through the ITS Support Center. See ITS Support Center.

Purchasing a Computer?

If you are planning on buying a new computer, UCSC recommends purchasing a laptop with both wired and wireless network capability. The campus supports both PC and Mac computers. An excellent source for purchasing computers and computer products is the campus Bay Tree Bookstore, Bay Tree Bookstore, (831) 459-2082. Through university-negotiated contracts, the bookstore offers a full line of Apple and Dell computers, as well as software and peripheral equipment. Pricing is almost always below outside market prices. And the bookstore works closely with ITS to be certain the equipment you buy will meet campus specifications, both wired and wireless.

Computer Standards

The campus supports both PC and Mac computers. For general campus support standards, see ITS computer standards. For standards specific to residential living on campus, see Resnet.

UCSC Account (CruzID) and E-Mail

All students, faculty, and staff have a CruzID and UCSC e-mail account, such as CruzID. In addition to e-mail, CruzID gives individuals access to many campus systems and applications. Every UCSC student is preassigned a CruzID account upon enrollment. They can activate and change the initial password via the campus “MyUCSC” Portal at All official UC and UCSC communication is e-mailed to the address. More information is available at Cruzmail (for faculty and staff) and Slugmail (for students).

Residential Network and Telephones

ITS provides in-room Internet access (called ResNet) and a university-owned and operated telephone system to students living on campus. Network services are available to undergraduate and graduate students living in university housing (except for the Camper Park). For assistance with network connections, contact ResNet at or call (831) 459-HELP (4357). See ResNet. Local telephone service is provided in every student room (except for the Camper Park and Family Student Housing). There is one telephone line for each single and double room, and two telephone lines in each room with three or more residents. Each telephone line also includes a voicemail box. Call (831) 459-4357 or e-mail for more information on telephone services.

Computing Labs for Drop-in Use and Academic Classes

ITS manages 12 computer labs throughout the campus. These labs have more than 360 computers available for individuals to use that include PC, Mac, and Sun workstations. Wireless access is available in most labs. The computing labs are used like classrooms; they can be reserved by faculty or teaching assistants for instruction. When not reserved for instruction, the labs are available to UCSC employees and students on a walk-in basis. Even if they are not teaching in the labs, many faculty request that academic software be installed in the labs so that students may complete homework assignments. Faculty or teaching assistants can request ITS staff to conduct training sessions as part of an academic course. Contact the Faculty Instructional Technology Center at for more information. More extensive lab information, including hardware and software specifications and hours of operation, is available at eCommons.

Academic Course Materials on the Web

The WebCT course management system* is a tool to create sophisticated web-based course materials to supplement, but not replace, classroom instruction. WebCT uses a web browser as the interface for the course. Faculty using WebCT can incorporate a wide variety of tools in their course site such as a course calendar, student conferencing system, electronic mail, group projects with student-created web pages, and quizzes. Outside of class time, you can use WebCT to view course materials, participate in web-based class discussions, collaborate on student group projects, and take quizzes. Faculty can use WebCT to see what materials students have viewed before they arrive in class. When faculty administer pre-class quizzes on WebCT, they can see what concepts students understand before class and then tailor the lecture accordingly. See Learning Management System: eCommons.

Note: The WebCT course management system has been discontinued as of Sept. 30, 2010. It has been replaced by eCommons, the university's new service for course site and learning system needs.

Disability Accommodations for Computing

If you have a disability and require adaptive or assistive technology to use lab computers, library facilities, or other campus services, please contact the Disability Resource Center (DRC) right away so that they can coordinate services for you. Instructional Computing labs have common adaptive technologies—such as enlarged type for students with low vision and Dvorak keyboards for students with repetitive strain injuries. If you need accommodations, please call the DRC at (831) 459-2089 (voice), or (831) 459-4806 (TTY).

Research Programs and Facilities

Research at UC Santa Cruz is thriving, facilities are excellent, and the amount of external funding received for research continues to grow. In addition to their individual research projects, faculty are involved in organized research on various scales, from small focused activities within academic divisions, to large research units, some with campuswide scope and others with wider connections to the whole 10-campus University of California system.

Specialized research facilities in addition to those listed below are described in the programs and courses section, pages 120–466.


The Arboretum at UCSC is a research and teaching facility committed to plant conservation and serves both the campus and the public. Its rich and diverse collection, containing representatives of more than 300 plant families, provides beginning students with a broad survey of the plant kingdom. Facilities for growing plants offer students and research faculty opportunities to experiment with living plants. The Arboretum maintains collections of rare and threatened plants of unusual scientific interest. Particular specialties are world conifers, primitive angiosperms, and bulb-forming plant families. Large assemblages of plants from Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa, and California natives are displayed on the grounds. Many of the species in these collections are not otherwise available for study in American botanical gardens and arboreta.

Arboretum events educate and engage the public about plant diversity and conservation. Of service to the public and the nursery industry are the Arboretum’s activities in importing, selecting, and breeding choice ornamental plants, especially those that are drought tolerant and pest resistant. To date, the Arboretum is the original importer of more than 1,500 different selections of choice ornamentals. Many of these have been and will continue to be the plants of future California gardens.

Norrie’s, the Arboretum’s volunteer-run gift shop, supports the Arboretum and is open every day, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Admission is free to UCSC students.

Arboretum: (831) 427-2998; Norrie’s gift shop: (831) 423-4977; e-mail:; web: Arboretum.

Arts Instructional Computing (IC) Labs

IC has two labs that primarily serve the Arts Division: the IC Arts Mac Lab and the IC Music Lab. The IC Arts Mac Lab at Porter is equipped with Arts-specific software, including high-end video-editing, graphics, web-development and sound-editing software. The Music Lab includes hardware and software for music editing, notation and working with MIDI. See hardware and software details at IC Labs.

These Instructional Computing labs are open to all UCSC students. In addition, the Arts Division manages computer labs with specialized equipment and software for the exclusive use of students taking classes in the Art, Film and Digital Media, and Theater Arts Departments, and the Digital Arts and New Media M.F.A. program.

Arts Research Institute (ARI)

ARI funds and facilitates the research and creative work of individual arts faculty, as well as collaborative research, symposia and other creative activities and events. Grants and awards from the ARI have helped to support performances, exhibitions, software design, manuscript preparation, digital recordings, international field research, collaborative colloquia, on-site installations, operas, and electronic productions. These and other innovative projects in arts practice and theory are among the research areas and interests supported by the institute. For complete details, see the ARI web site at Arts Research Institute or contact the ARI administrator, Christina Waters, Ph.D., at or (831) 459-2256.

Baskin School of Engineering (BSOE) Facilities

BSOE occupies principally the Jack Baskin Engineering and Engineering 2 Buildings. Some laboratories and offices are also in the new Biomedical Sciences and Engineering Building (estimated to be completed in 2012), the Physical and Biological Sciences Building and the Sinsheimer Laboratory Building. Outside of the main campus and on the west side of Santa Cruz, BSOE is building a series of advanced material sciences laboratories at 2300 Delaware Ave (formally a Texas Instruments semiconductor fabrication plant). Several BSOE faculty also work closely with colleagues at the adjacent UCSC Long Marine Laboratory and future site of the 98 acre Marine Sciences Campus. “Over the hill,” BSOE maintains a strong presence at the UCSC Silicon Valley Center (SVC) located on the grounds of NASA Ames Research Center in Mountain View, California. Many BSOE faculty members maintain offices and research labs and teach classes at the SVC and have joint research agreements with NASA and the University Affiliated Research Center (UARC). Many BSOE faculty are also members of the joint NASA/UCSC Advanced Studies Laboratories (ASL), which is located at NASA Ames Research Center. Web Advanced Studies Laboratories.

BSOE is working to develop additional locations off the main campus often in interdisciplinary partnerships. Web: School of Engineering.

BSOE Computing Infrastructure

BSOE operates a computing network of several hundred Unix, Windows and Macintosh computers and several computer laboratories. These labs support research and graduate instruction in applied mathematics and statistics, biomolecular engineering, computer engineering, computer science, electrical engineering and technology and information management. Undergraduate computing is supported by a combination of BSOE Undergraduate Laboratories (also known as the BELS Labs) and the campus’s Instructional Computing Laboratories (IC Labs).

For graduate and research computing, the ITS/BSOE computing support team operates a high-speed 100/1000 megabit-per-second network with 1/10 gigabit-per-second fiber optic backbones and redundant core routers and paths. Most areas of BSOE buildings are covered by wireless networking of various types (802.11b/g/n). The BSOE computing network has multiple connections to the main campus network.

UCSC and BSOE have connections to the Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California (CENIC) via CENIC-managed “dark-fiber,” which provides direct connections to CENIC High Performance Research Network, to activities at NASA Ames, and to the BSOE research labs located at 2300 Delaware Ave. Web:

BSOE Computing also operates four separate Tier 1+ data centers, all with UPS and air-conditioning support. Two of the data centers have backup power generation and the other two use a campus cogeneration facility for backup power. In addition, BSOE uses the main UCSC data center (Tier 2) for some redundancy and for web sites and copies and/or mirrors data distant Universities (such as the San Diego Supercomputer Center).

  • For graduate and research computing, BSOE supports the following:
  • Central fileservers for core services such as mail, name service, file sharing, and backup
  • Several general-access Unix systems
  • Multiple compute servers
  • Research computing clusters

BSOE maintains several general-use research computing clusters, in addition to the clusters used by individual research groups. These clusters are available to all faculty and gradu- ate students for general-purpose computations:

  • Several graduate student computer labs with a mix of Windows, Linux, and Solaris workstations and network printers
  • A variety of software purchased in cooperation with UCSC central computing, BSOE computing, and individual faculty members
  • A variety of computer-aided-design software, including Altera, Agilent Advanced Design System, AutoCAD, Cadence, Maple, Matlab, Mentor Graphics, National Instruments Labview, Qualnet, Synopsys, and Xilinx.

Baskin Engineering Wireless Networking. BSOE has an installed wireless computer network that covers nearly all interior building spaces of the Baskin Engineering, Engineering 2, and portions of the Physical Sciences Buildings. This service (SOENET) is separate from the UCSC campus wireless network (CruzNet). SOENET allows for much greater flexibility in operations and for greater performance as required by SOE’s faculty and researchers. To gain access to SOENET, BSOE faculty or staff members register their computers for use on SOENET. In addition to SOENET, the campus’s wireless computing service, CruzNet, is also installed in parallel in several of the undergraduate laboratory spaces of the Baskin Engineering Building. Wireless networking is also at the Silicon Valley Center (SVC) via the CruzNet system. Details of BSOE computing services can be found at

Undergraduate Engineering Laboratories (Baskin Engineering Lab Support–BELS). BSOE operates the following special instructional laboratories for the exclusive use of engineering students. These laboratories are typically open 24 hours a day, seven days a week, during instructional quarters. The instructional labs available in 2010 are listed below. Please check the web site for updates as new instructional laboratories are being added:

  • Digital Logic Design Laboratory
  • Controls, Signals, and Instrumentation Laboratory
  • Analog Circuits Laboratory
  • Electrical Engineering Senior Projects Laboratory
  • Optics and Laser Laboratory
  • Computer Engineering Projects Laboratory
  • Electromagnetic and Radio Frequency Laboratory
  • Physical Electronics Laboratory
  • Computer Networking Laboratory
  • Computer Game Design Laboratory
  • Engineering Honor Society Hardware Laboratory
  • Biomolecular Engineering Instructional Laboratory

Detailed information about these labs can be found at the following web site:

UCSC Instructional Computing Laboratories. In addition to the facilities provided by the Jack Baskin School of Engineering, students have access to the computing facilities of the UCSC Instructional Computing (IC) Labs. These include several labs located around the campus consisting of Unix, Mac, and Windows workstations. There are two large IC Labs located in the Baskin Engineering Building. Check the UCSC Instructional Computing web site for details on these labs and hours of operation:

Research Laboratories

BSOE operates and supports the following research laboratories. Current information about BSOE Research Labs can be found at

Applied and Nano-optics Group. The Applied and Nano-optics group covers a wide range of optical research with an emphasis on experimental nanoscale optics. New methods and devices are developed for optical studies of single particles such as molecules, photons, or nanomagnets. A variety of optical and nanoscale characterization techniques such as time-correlated single-photon counting, ultrafast laser spectroscopy, or scanning-probe microscopy are used and investigated. Applications include integrated biomedical sensors, high-density magnetic memory, single-photon light sources and detectors. Web:

Biomolecular Engineering Research Facilities

BSOE supports a broad range of biomolecular-engineering (BME) research activities through the use of more than seven state-of-the-art research labs in the department. Areas of research include systems biology, comparative genomics, HIV vaccine development, stem-cell research, nano-device fabrication and DNA-sequencing-device development. BME departmental laboratory facilities include a variety of equipment used for molecular biology, cell biology, protein chemistry, immunology, virology and computational biology. Specific equipment includes high- and low-speed centrifuges, PCR machines, CO2 incubators, bacterial shakers, microtiter plate readers, microtiter plate washers, microscopes (inverted, upright, fluorescence), spectrophotometers, protein-chromatography equipment, a variety of gel eletrophoresis equipment including power supplies, gel dryers, gel-imaging equipment, vacuum concentrators, and cryopreservation equipment. Recently acquired and planned equipment purchases to be shared with other investigators include a Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorter (FACS), and next-generation DNA sequencing devices. Shared equipment rooms contain a variety of common equipment including freezers, glass-washing equipment, autoclaves, and refrigerators. Most labs are supplied with basic utilities such as air, gas, vacuum and reverse-osmosis de-ionized (RODI) water. The BME research groups have several computer clusters, one with more than 1,000 CPUs. There is additional access to BSOE laboratories and facilities within other departments. Many of the BME research groups cooperate closely with the Electrical Engineering Department, which operates a clean room, a scanning electron microscope and semiconductor fabrication facilities. Collaborative research with faculty from the Physical and Biological Sciences Division is frequent with routine access to a wide range of biology and chemistry laboratory facilities. Web:

Clean Room. The Electrical Engineering Department operates a shared Class 1,000 clean room for use by researchers in Electrical Engineering. The Biomolecular Engineering Department also uses this facility.

Computer Communication Research Group (CCRG). This group is dedicated to basic and applied research in computer communication. CCRG research focuses on new algorithms, protocols, and architectures for wireless networks based on packet switching (packet-radio networks), Internetworking, multipoint communication, and the control of resources
by multiple administrative authorities. Web:

Design and Verification Laboratory. This lab facilitates research in software and system design methods, embedded software design, software and system verification, game theory, formal methods. Web:

Geospatial Visualization Laboratory. This lab creates a consistent four-dimensional space-time visualization of geospatial data and intelligence associated with the environment. This task requires intelligent collection of data using various sensors, including a variety of cameras, LIDAR data, and multispectral imagery in all kinds of frequency bands. The spatiotemporal GIS (geographic information systems) visualization will bring together several layers of information including terrain data, street maps, buildings, environment data, aerial images, and mobile-objects data.

Group Researching Advances in Software Engineering (GRASE). This laboratory performs research in the areas of software evolution and reengineering, and software-configuration management. Current research includes identifying unstable areas of evolving software, automatic generation of software configuration-management repositories, and development of web-based versioning and configuration-management infrastructure. Web:

High-Speed Network Laboratory. Members of this lab explore and expand the field of
high-speed computer networking and communication. Current areas of research include high-speed switching, traffic-scheduling algorithms for providing quality-of-service (QoS) guarantees in packet networks, ATM congestion control, and optical networks. Projects are funded by NSF, ARPA, and private industry.

Image Processing and Multimedia Laboratory (IPMML). This lab is the central venue for ongoing research into topics in image processing and multimedia. Areas of interest include wireless digital video; virtual scene and panorama generation; natural and machine-generated image compression; video capture, processing, and editing techniques; color printing technology; image libraries; and combinations of the above.

Information Retrieval and Knowledge Management Lab (IRKM). This lab conducts basic and applied research in information retrieval and data mining. Projects include developing a proactive personalized information-retrieval system (funded by NSF), adaptive information filtering (funded by AFOSR), and collaborative personalized search, recommendation and advertising (with industry funding from Yahoo, Microsoft, Google, NEC, Nokia, Bosch).

Internetworking Research Group (i-NRG). This group conducts research in the design, experimental evaluation, and implementation of network protocols for both wired and wireless internetworks. Research activities include a number of areas in computer networks and distributed systems. Web:

Materials Characterization Research Lab. This laboratory is under construction at our 2300 Delaware Ave location. Formally a Texas Instruments Semiconductor Fabrication plant, the building has infrastructure to support very large clean rooms. We expect the laboratory to be operational around December 2010. The Materials Characterization Research Laboratory studies properties of materials at very low temperatures, nearly zero degrees Kevlin. At these temperatures, some materials behave very differently; a notable example is superconductors.

Micro-Architecture at Santa Cruz (MASC). MASC’s focus is on computer-architecture research, with emphasis on energy/performance trade-offs, thread-level speculation, simulation tools, FPGAs, and design complexity. Web:

Multidimensional Signal Processing Research Group (MDSP). This group’s interests are in the area of inverse problems in imaging, statistical detection and estimation, and associated numerical methods. Current projects include image-resolution enhancement and superresolution, computationally efficient image-motion estimation, shape reconstruction from local and global geometric data, multiscale modeling and analysis of signals and images, radon transform-based algorithms for deformation analysis and dynamic imaging, image processing and inverse problems in remote sensing, and automatic target detection and recognition. The group is also associated with the Image Processing and Multimedia Lab. Web:

Network Management and Operations Lab. BSOE, in partnership with Cisco Systems, has established this lab to serve as a “network-systems teaching hospital” where real-world problems and projects are addressed by students and faculty. Projects range from the routine (e.g., quality-assurance and release testing of new products) to the advanced (e.g., research into new architectures for network systems). Students employed as interns work with faculty researchers on these projects in BSOE facilities equipped for the specific needs of the projects. Web:

Quantum Electronics Group. This group’s interests are in the mutual interaction of heat, light and electricity in nano- and microscale materials and devices. Studies and experiments are done in which this mutual interaction is used to improve device or circuit performance for communication, computing or energy-conversion applications. Examples include microrefrigerators on a chip that could be used to remove hot spots in microprocessor chips and internally cooled semiconductor lasers. The group has developed novel thermal-imaging techniques that can provide transient temperature maps of active devices with submicron spatial resolution. The group is also investigating optoelectronic and thermoelectric properties of quantum-wire and quantum-dot materials and the design of low chirp, narrow line-width and widely tunable passive micro-ring-coupled lasers. The group maintains several electrooptics labs with femtosecond lasers, cryogenic and high-temperature setups, confocal and Raman microscopy and houses an on-site molecular beam epitaxy thin-film growth facility. Web:

Santa Cruz Laboratory for Visualization and Graphics. Recent research at this lab includes animal modeling and animation, environmental visualization, isosurfaces, d.v.r., hierarchies, irregular grids, massively parallel volume rendering through the net, uncertainty visualization, virtual reality in scientific visualization, nomadic collaborative visualization, tensor visualization, and flow visualization.

Storage Systems Research Center (SSRC).

This center is composed of faculty from the Computer Science, Computer Engineering, and Electrical Engineering Departments and the Technology and Information Management Program, and is funded by the NSF, Depart-ment of Energy, and companies such as NetApp, Symantec, HP, LSI, Data Domain, and Agami. Current research topics include long-term archival storage, scalable indexing and metadata, petabyte-scale storage systems, and file systems for next-generation storage technologies such as non-volatile memories and probe-based storage. Issues of particular concern include performance and scalability, reliability, and security. The SSRC’s resources include several computing clusters, the largest with more than 80 processor-disk nodes, as well as over 10 terabytes of dedicated storage. In addition, there are several hardware-software testbeds for projects such as self-managing archival storage and large-scale distributed file systems. The SSRC also maintains a PlanetLab site at UC Santa Cruz, allowing researchers to run experiments on the PlanetLab global-scale distributed testbed. Web:

Thin Films Research Lab. This laboratory is under construction at our 2300 Delaware Ave location. Formally a Texas Instruments semiconductor fabrication plant, the building has infrastructure to support very large clean rooms. We expect the laboratory to be operational around December 2010. The Thin Films laboratory will operate several advanced metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) systems to fabricate and study thin film semiconductors. Applications include advanced solar cells, memory systems and biosensors. The Thin Films laboratory in April 2010 received an in-kind donation from Phillips LumiLEDS of Santa Clara of an AIXTRON Nitride MOCVD Reactor (AIX 200RF).

UCSC Broadband Communications Research Group. The members of this group investigate the fundamental limits and performance analysis of protocols in wireless ad hoc networks, space-time signal processing, and development of signal processing and coding techniques for wireless communication systems. Web:

UCSC Genome Sequencing Center. The center features state-of-the-art equipment including the GS FLX Titanium Series sequencing platform from 454 Life Sciences and the SOLiD sequencing platform from Applied Biosystems. Applications include whole-genome and targeted sequencing; resequencing; RNA sequencing; micro-RNA and small-RNA sequencing; chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) sequencing (to identify binding sites of DNA-associated proteins); and metagenomics (also called environmental genomics, involving the analysis of genetic material recovered directly from environmental samples). Web:

UCSC Scientific Visualization Laboratory. This lab provides the means for creating visualizations from scientific data. Projects include a simulation of an “extensive air shower” striking the Milagro detector at Los Alamos National Lab, representing a subsonic flow over a delta-wing aircraft, a demonstration of direct volume rendering on a multiple-gridded space-shuttle launch vehicle, an N-body simulation of large-scale structure in the universe, and a representation of a diving whale based on location data from a Monterey Bay tagging experiment.

UCSC Visual Computing Laboratory. This lab explores visual tracking, stereo and sparse IBR, facial modeling and analysis, and image and video processing. Web:

W. M. Keck Center for Nanoscale Optofluidics. The mission of this multidisciplinary center is the development of optofluidic devices and their application to single-particle studies in molecular biology and biomedical diagnostics. Facilities include a dedicated nanofabrication facility housing a FEI Quanta 3D FEG dual beam SEM/FIB nanofabrication instrument for fabrication, imaging, and characterization of nanoscale devices. Web:

For additional information regarding BSOE, please check the web site:

California Carlyle Edition

The splendid Norman and Charlotte Strouse Collection of Thomas Carlyle in Special Collections at McHenry Library is the focus of an exciting and innovative effort by an international group of scholars to publish an eight-volume critical edition of Carlyle’s major works. Headquartered at UCSC, it is the first “scientific” edition of Carlyle, using computer technology to compare all the lifetime editions of each work in order to establish an accurate text, as well as providing explanatory notes for the modern reader. The edition promises to set the agenda for work on Carlyle and the Victorian era for the next generation. In addition to producing a much needed critical edition of the works of Carlyle, the project is using the campus’s computer facilities to develop and demonstrate many state-of-the-art applications of data-processing technology in the humanities, from optical scanning of some editions and machine-assisted collation and proofreading, to desktop typesetting and the creation of an online Carlyle textual archive. The first volume, On Heroes, Hero Worship, and the Heroic in History, was published in 1993 by the University of California Press. The second volume, Sartor Resartus, was published in 2000. Historical Essays, in 2003, and Past and Present, in 2006. The French Revolution is forthcoming. Web:

California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3)

UCSC is one of three UC campuses sponsoring the QB3, a California Institute for Science and Innovation (CISI). This cooperative effort among three campuses of the University of California, Santa Cruz, Berkeley, and San Francisco, and private industry harnesses the quantitative sciences to integrate our understanding of biological systems at all levels of complexity—from atoms and protein molecules to cells, tissues, organs, and the entire organism. This long-sought integration allows scientists to attack problems that have been unapproachable before, setting the stage for fundamental new discoveries, new products, and new technologies for the benefit of human health.

The institute involves more than 180 scientists, including 50 from UCSC. It builds on strong biology programs at the three campuses as well as individual campus strengths in biomolecular and computer engineering and mathematical sciences at UC Santa Cruz, biomedical engineering and physical sciences at UC Berkeley, and medical sciences at UC San Francisco. Harnessing these strengths, QB3 is developing effective new solutions to the world’s most urgent biomedical problems through multidisciplinary research, innovative educational programs, and industrial and venture capital partnerships.

The institute facilitates access to state-of-the-art resources to enable scientists and engineers to develop devices, drugs, and therapies that save human lives, as well as technologies to prevent or mitigate environmental damage and improve energy production and use. Research areas include biological imaging, synthetic biology, biomolecular structure and mechanism, chemical biology, precision measurement, theoretical modeling of biological systems, and cellular dynamics. Through QB3, researchers in all of these fields come together to develop interdisciplinary collaborations.

In addition to the creation of fundamental new knowledge and potent new technologies, a major goal of the institute is to train a new generation of students able to fully integrate the quantitative sciences with biomedical research.

QB3 fosters industry and venture capital partnerships by identifying potential opportunities for research collaborations and support, and by assisting faculty with intellectual property and technology transfer issues.

QB3 is administered at UCSC through the Center for Biomolecular Science & Engineering and involves faculty from the Departments of Biomolecular Engineering; Molecular, Cell, and Developmental Biology; Chemistry and Biochemistry; Electrical Engineering; Applied Mathematics and Statistics; Computer Science; and Computer Engineering.

Find more information at

Center for Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems (CASFS)

CASFS is a research, education, and public service unit of the Division of Social Sciences, dedicated to increasing ecological sustainability and social justice in the food and agriculture system. CASFS researchers investigate the ecological basis for sustainable agriculture and the cultural, political, and economic aspects of developing sustainable food and agricultural systems. The work of CASFS is multifaceted, and includes research (theoretical and applied), education (practical and academic), and public service (with audiences ranging from local schoolchildren to international agencies). Much of the farming-systems research takes place on organic and conventional farms throughout the region, including a number of projects in the Santa Cruz/Monterey area and the Elkhorn Slough watershed. CASFS social-issues staff organize and participate in the Agrifood Working Group for UCSC faculty, researchers, and graduate students, which meets regularly to discuss topics related to food systems.

CASFS facilities and resources are available to all UC Santa Cruz undergraduate and graduate students. Students can take part in ongoing research and education efforts, or design their own projects and internships in collaboration with affiliated faculty and staff. Many undergraduate students participate in the CASFS as part of the environmental studies major (see page 279) and as participants in the Apprenticeship in Ecological Horticulture (see below). The graduate program in environmental studies includes a focus on agroecology and sustainable food systems (see page 280); graduate students have access to CASFS facilities and staff assistance for field based work. Students have also pursued undergraduate and graduate studies with the center by working through the Departments of Biology, Education, Anthropology, and Sociology.

In addition, about 35 people complete a six-month apprenticeship organized and taught by CASFS staff each year, earning a Certificate in Ecological Horticulture through UCSC Extension. Through workshops, lectures, and hands-on instruction, apprentices master basic organic farming and gardening techniques.

CASFS gives high priority to forging links with, and serving as a resource for, researchers on and off campus, government agencies at many levels, nongovernmental organizations, producers, consumers, students, gardeners, and other individuals interested in multiple aspects of sustainable agriculture and food systems. Staff coordinate major agricultural conferences, teach short courses, and make presentations at agricultural and ecological events. In addition, CASFS hosts international researchers interested in working with faculty and staff.

CASFS manages two facilities: the 25-acre Farm on a lower meadow of campus and the three-acre Alan Chadwick Garden on the upper part of campus. As the primary on-campus research facility, the CASFS Farm includes research plots, raised-bed gardens, row crops, and orchards, as well as staff offices, a laboratory, greenhouses, and a visitor center. The Chadwick Garden showcases small-scale intensive horticulture and supports a diverse collection of ornamentals, food crops, and native California plants.

The CASFS Farm & Chadwick Garden are open to the public daily from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. In conjunction with the Friends of the UCSC Farm & Garden, the center sponsors a variety of public education events for the community. For further information, contact the center at (831) 459-3240; or for directions to the Farm & Garden, call (831) 459-4140. Web:

Center for Biomolecular Science and Engineering (CBSE)

CBSE fosters new approaches to discovery in human health. An umbrella organization of the Jack Baskin School of Engineering and the Division of Physical and Biological Sciences at UCSC, the center supports a vast array of
biological and engineering research that fuels biomedical advances and the biotechnology explosion. The center pursues the following goals:

  • Promote interdisciplinary research in areas that encompass the study of genomic information and structural biology
  • Support the UCSC Genome Browser, a crucial resource for the international scientific community
  • Support core facilities, such as the computational cluster used for the UCSC Genome Browser and genomic research, the microarray facility, the embryonic stem cell laboratory, and the transgenic mouse facility
  • Help meet the need for trained professionals in industry and academia by developing training programs in the areas of bioinformatics and biomolecular engineering
  • Attract research funding for the center, for affiliated faculty, and for students from federal, state, and private agencies
  • Cultivate and maintain mutually beneficial relationships with industry through research collaborations, internship opportunities, and gifting programs

CBSE brings researchers together to blend cutting-edge approaches for exploring essential scientific questions affecting health and environment and furthering basic understanding. Areas of interest to CBSE affiliates include bioinformatics, applied mathematics, biostatistics, experimental genomics and proteomics, molecular and cellular biology, stem cell biology, health and environmental science, bioengineering and biotechnology, structural and chemical biology, computational chemistry, biochemistry and biophysics, computer engineering, and scientific visualization.

CBSE’s roots go back to 1985, when UCSC scientists met with a group of international visionaries at a conference hosted by former chancellor Sinsheimer, a meeting that triggered the inception of the Human Genome Project. Fifteen years later, UCSC scientists helped the Human Genome Project reach a stunning milestone by providing the computational solution that produced the first assembly of the human genome, the map of our genetic make-up. Out of these accomplishments and a growing interest in cross-disciplinary science grew the Center for Biomolecular Science and Engineering. The center fosters interdisciplinary research and academic programs that address the scientific questions of the post-genomic era.

For more information about CBSE, visit the web site:

Center for Collaborative Research for an Equitable California (CCREC)

A University of California multicampus research program and initiative, CCREC coordinates, seeds, and supports multi- and transdisciplinary efforts to address the state’s interconnected crises in education, employment, health, nutrition, housing, and the environment. CCREC shapes research-based responses directly geared into policy and community contexts, employing innovative collaborative methodologies and partnerships that draw together university researchers, policy makers, governmental agencies, and community-based entities. CCREC’s emergent modes of scholarship and practice reposition the university to confront complex interrelated problems whose resolution entails working outside traditional institutional and intellectual boundaries. CCREC aims to establish epistemological and ethical standards for this innovative work, and to prepare a new generation of scholars skilled in connecting and communicating with policy-makers and local communities, and skilled in utilizing a broad range of databases and digital media in the conduct and dissemination of collaborative research.

For additional information, please contact the center’s director, Ronald David Glass, associate professor of philosophy of education, at or (831) 459-5188.

Center for Educational Research in the Interest of Underserved Students (ERIUS)

ERIUS develops, conducts, and disseminates educational research to improve the teaching and learning of the nation’s increasingly diverse student population and the teachers who serve them. The center is transdisciplinary, drawing on studies of education from multiple theoretical perspectives. ERIUS serves as a hub to integrate the work of scholars who are organized in research groups focusing on three research domains:

1. Teachers and Teacher Development

2. Literacy Education

3. Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education

Taken together, the research conducted by faculty, graduate students, and academic researchers under the auspices of ERIUS aims to reinvent the institutional and organizational settings for education in order to meet the educational needs of students from underserved communities. ERIUS pursues extramural sources of funding to support its research and other scholarly activities.

Center for Global, International and Regional Studies (CGIRS)

CGIRS is the primary center for the study of international affairs at UC Santa Cruz. CGIRS seeks to better understand the complex issues surrounding the new economic, social, and political structures of the 21st century. Its programs and activities recognize that contemporary societies are anchored in specific regions and locales even as they are also linked to other places and levels by complex political, economic, social, and cultural networks of communication and action. CGIRS draws on the expertise of a broad range of university faculty and the participation of students to focus on four core areas of research: innovation, security, identity, and sustainability. CGIRS was established within the Division of Social Sciences in 1996, bringing under one umbrella the Center for the Study of Global Transformations, the Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC)–UCSC Campus Program, the UC Pacific Rim Research Program, the Global Information Internship Program (see page 47), the Global Studies Honors Program initiative, and related research, teaching, conferences, workshops, and public-education activities. CGIRS is funded by the Division of Social Sciences, multicampus research units, private donors, and foundations. For further information, e-mail or visit

Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society (CITRIS)

CITRIS is one of four California Institutes for Science and Innovation created in 2000. Supported by state, federal, and private funds, the centers concentrate on areas of science and innovation that are of special importance to California’s high-tech economy and to emerging renewable energy technologies.

CITRIS applies results from research in information technology to solve important problems facing California and the world. Areas of emphasis include energy and the environment, health care, and intelligent infrastructure. CITRIS fosters multidisciplinary applied research where IT is a central component, and promotes partnerships in research across the CITRIS campuses: UC Berkeley, Davis, Merced, and Santa Cruz. Strong industry support led to the creation of CITRIS, and industry partnership and sponsorship is a significant ingredient in the success of CITRIS. Web:

Information Technologies Institute

The Information Technologies Institute (ITI) is a focused research activity (FRA) founded in 2001 and housed at the Baskin School of Engineering. ITI’s objective is to provide an environment in which its members can attract large-scale projects that bridge technology research from concept to prototype and solve problems in social and commercial sectors nationally.

In ITI, advanced Internet applications provide the impetus and focus that bring together the components of research related to the rapidly expanding world of networks, distributed computing, “smart” sensors, and Internet appliances. As electronics and packaging developments lead to powerful low-cost sensors, resulting in a broad array of instruments, these become Internet devices, bringing a significant increase in the data captured, transmitted, stored, managed, and displayed.

Through its research centers, ITI focuses on interrelated areas in computer science, computer engineering, and electrical engineering as well as physics, chemistry, and applied mathematics. Areas of emphasis follow:

  • Internet and information systems: architecture, performance, and applica- tions
  • Multimedia systems and applications in education, telecommuting, and distance learning
  • Design and development of complex net- worked systems and software technologies
  • Storage systems and databases
  • Communications
  • Optoelectronics (including nanotechnology devices)
  • VLSI design, packaging, testing
  • Sensors and Internet appliances
  • Visualization and computer graphics

ITI manages the participation with other research partnerships of its faculty, including the activities of the Baskin School of Engineering in the Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society (CITRIS), with UC Berkeley, UC Davis, and UC Merced; the High Dependability Computing Consortium (with NASA Ames, Carnegie Mellon, and other universities); the National Partnership for Advanced Computing Infrastructure (NPACI) and the San Diego Supercomputer Center; and local universities and organizations with mutual research interests, including the Naval Postgraduate School; San Jose State University; California State University, Monterey Bay; and the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI). Web:

Center for Integrated Spatial Research (CISR)

One of the most exciting developments in research over the past decade has been the increasing sophistication of spatial technology, along with a dramatic increase in the availability of spatially referenced data. Spatial technology is an information technology field that acquires, manages, interprets, integrates, displays, analyzes, or otherwise uses data focusing on the geographic, temporal, and spatial context. Today, spatial technology is recognized as the primary means of dealing with information referenced to a specific location and is being integrated across a broad range of disciplines.

CISR, formerly the GIS/ISC Laboratory, is located in the Department of Environmental Studies, Division of Social Sciences, and serves as a central facility for spatially focused research and training at UCSC. CISR (pronounced “scissor”) is focused on integrating advanced spatial technology, methods, and data (geographic information systems—GIS, global positioning systems—GPS, remote sensing, spatial modeling and statistics) with interdisciplinary research challenges in terrestrial, marine, and urban environments. The central goal of the center is to foster cross-domain cooperation in the application of these tools and to promote a diversity of research by increasing campus and community literacy in spatial methods.

CISR manages both a research and teaching facility specializing in state-of-the-art spatial technology, software applications, and data, as well as, an expanded training program. Training options include three academic courses focused on spatial theory and methods (see Environmental Studies course listing); short courses through a professional development certificate program in GIS; and regular workshops and symposia. Access to CISR facilities is limited to current UCSC students, faculty, researchers or staff involved in spatial research and/or courses through the CISR. For more information, visit

Center for Integrated Water Research

The Center for Integrated Water Research at UC Santa Cruz undertakes research to help provide safe and reliable supplies of fresh water. Fresh water is critical to our health and quality of life, to providing ample food supplies, to maintaining a vibrant economy, and to supporting the environmental systems we depend on and enjoy. The center studies fresh water through ingenious combinations of natural and engineered systems, which require vast amounts of financial, human, and natural resources to develop and maintain. Billions of dollars and millions of skilled workers are employed in the water sector. Policies on fresh-water management have profound impacts that can last for decades.

Influences on fresh water supply in the early 21st century include growing demand from all categories of water users, replacing and upgrading aging infrastructure, declining water quality, and changing climate and groundcover that affect water availability and quality.

To meet these challenges, society has developed an array of new water-treatment and supply technologies, as well as new approaches to managing when and how water is gathered and used. Many technologies are so innovative they do not fit in well with our existing laws, regulations, and division of responsibilities for water. The roles of water agencies are in flux as water treatment agencies take on water supply roles.

The center provides research expertise in policy, economics, management, and communication related to fresh water. Current projects study the treatment of impaired waters (desalination and water reclamation and reuse), communications between water agencies and the public, design of regional water supply and treatment strategies, and measuring the reliability of alternative water supplies.

The center builds research teams that bring other needed areas of expertise to our projects; collaborates with other universities, government agencies, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and the private sector; focuses on applied problems, building theory out of specific cases; and sponsors a Fellows Program that includes nationally and internationally respected scholars.

The center serves the UCSC campus by providing internship opportunities and supporting conference attendance by students, and it develops and maintains relations with individuals in the business, finance, and regulatory sectors, who often lecture at UCSC, thereby helping students learn the cutting-edge issues.

The center works to resolve major debates on water supply, quality, and reliability in the United States; and hopes to refine and develop concepts and methods of studying water that will help regions, states, and nations make good choices regarding water in the 21st century.

Further information is available on the web at, by e-mail at or, or by phone at (831) 459-3114.

Center for Justice, Tolerance, and Community (CJTC)

CJTC, which was established in 2000 as part of the Division of Social Sciences, is an interdisciplinary applied research center tackling issues of social justice, diversity and tolerance, and the building of collaborative communities. Current research projects include studies of educational equity, public attitudes toward social and economic policies, the digital divide, environmental justice, homelessness and the impact of welfare reform on low-income families and others. While the mix of work includes considerations of fundamental issues of discrimination, power, and oppression, the center actively seeks to play a public role in providing research that can inform policy and programs to improve equity. To ensure a public presence, the center sponsors an annual lecture series as well as smaller events bringing together community leaders and academic researchers. The center draws researchers from various divisions and includes opportunities for postdoctoral and affiliated researchers as well as graduate students. For more information, contact CJTC at or (831) 459-5743. Web:

Center for Molecular Biology of RNA

The center, established in 1992, brings together an interdisciplinary group of researchers, from the Departments of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology; Chemistry and Biochemistry; and Biomolecular Engineering, whose common interest is to understand the structure, function, and biological roles of DNA’s intriguing cousin, RNA. The center promotes interaction between structural biologists, molecular geneticists, biochemists, and computational biologists. Major funding for the center has been provided by the Lucille P. Markey Charitable Trust, the W. M. Keck Foundation and individual research grants from the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and other extramural sources. Creation of the center was prompted by exciting developments in the molecular biology of RNA in recent years. Unlike DNA, RNA has the ability to fold into complex and unusual three-dimensional structures that confer its biological functions. RNA, like protein, may possess enzymatic activity and can catalyze specific biochemical reactions. Therefore, RNA may have preceded both protein and DNA in the early molecular evolution of life. Studies on the human genome have shown that, while only a small fraction of the genome codes for protein, the majority of it is transcribed into RNA. Although several new classes of functional RNAs have been discovered recently, including those that regulate development of higher organisms, the roles of most noncoding RNAs are still unknown. New insights into the fundamental properties of RNA will benefit a wide range of medical research projects. For example, a rigorous molecular understanding of RNA viruses—such as HIV, SARS and avian influenza—has become a national priority; knowledge of the molecular structure of the ribosome is leading to the development of new antibiotics. The center’s facilities are located in Sinsheimer Laboratories, a state-of-the-art research center. Among the areas currently under investigation by members of the center are RNA splicing, protein synthesis, ribonucleoprotein assembly, RNA-protein recognition, the x-ray crystal structures of RNA and RNA-protein complexes (including the ribosome), the structure and mechanism of action of catalytic RNAs and micro-RNAs, in vitro evolution of novel catalytic and other functional RNAs, and RNA genomics, using diverse approaches including cryo-EM reconstruction, DNA microarrays and high-throughput sequencing. Members of the center participate in the research training of postdoctoral scientists and doctoral students in graduate programs offered by the Department of Molecular, Cell, and Developmental Biology, the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and the Department of Biomolecular Engineering. Web:

Chicano/Latino Research Center (CLRC)

The CLRC is an internationally recognized, cutting-edge research institution dedicated to fostering interdisciplinary, comparative, multilingual, and cross-border scholarship on the Americas. Research focuses on the politics, cultures, migrations, economics, histories, and societies of Latin America broadly conceived, including Chicana/o and Latina/o communities in the United States, the Caribbean, and wider global linkages to the Americas. The CLRC supports a range of thematic and topical research clusters, sponsors conferences, workshops, colloquia, and publications. Affiliated faculty, graduate students, and undergraduates make up a lively, active intellectual community. Programs include faculty research support, graduate student research grants, an undergraduate research apprenticeship program (URAP), a working paper series, and publishing of research reports. The center provides opportunities to critically engage and reflect on issues of contemporary importance such as globalization, immigration, and social justice as well as questions of identification including gender, sexuality, race, and nationality. For further information, e-mail or visit the web page:

Educational Partnership Center (EPC)

Established in 1999, the EPC coordinates UCSC’s new and long-standing student academic preparation efforts with the goal of increasing access and opportunity to postsecondary education for students in the Monterey Bay and Silicon Valley/San Jose regions. EPC is a research- and data-driven umbrella organization for a variety of complementary, integrated academic preparation and educational partnership programs serving students, teachers, and families from kindergarten through college. To build a college-going culture, EPC partners with K–12 middle and high schools and districts and the 13 regional community colleges in San Benito, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, San Mateo, and Monterey Counties to help students and families navigate the college-going pathway and achieve their higher-education goals.

EPC’s mission is to build college-bound communities that improve student learning and increase college-going rates among students from low-income and traditionally non-college-going families in collaboration with school, college, business, and community partners. An array of direct services and programs support students on the college-going pathway through tutoring, mentoring, academic planning and counseling, leadership training, test preparation, college awareness and enrichment, family involvement initiatives, transfer-student support, and teacher professional development.

EPC’s key to success is providing an integrated facility that brings all of the student academic preparation programs together and creates synergy across programs that are each grounded in measurable goals and research-based best practices. Coordinating services across the middle school, high school, and community college programs has been essential to providing students and families with vital information on the various pathways to college. In addition, the Business Office; Partnerships, Policy, Research, and Evaluation Department; Student Employment Office; and Development and Communication Department provide essential support for the following direct services and programs:

California Reading and Literature Project (CRLP) is one of nine California subject-matter projects; it supports professional development opportunities for teachers of reading and literature in K–12 and university classrooms. Governed by the UC Office of the President, CRLP helps ensure that pre-K–12 students in the Monterey Bay region achieve the highest standards of academic performance through developing teachers’ content knowledge and expanding their teaching strategies; focusing on academic English language development to prepare all students to meet or exceed academic content standards; creating a statewide pool of expert teacher leaders to train other teachers on sound classroom practices; and linking universities, schools, and districts together in collaborative partnerships to improve teaching and learning through teacher professional development.

California State Summer School for Mathematics and Science (COSMOS) is a four-week summer residential program at four UC campuses that provides students with an unparalleled opportunity to work side-by-side with outstanding researchers and university faculty, covering topics that extend beyond the typical high school curriculum. The academic experience includes nine clusters taught by UCSC faculty, special discovery lectures, academic field trips, and enrichment sessions. Students’ residential life includes weekend events and fun-filled peer activities, and COSMOS alumni have opportunities to attend the California Nobel Laureate event, receive research awards and college scholarships, and participate in an industry internship program.

California Student Opportunity and Access Program (Cal-SOAP). The San Jose Cal-SOAP program supports and sustains a college-going culture by providing academic support and advising services and helping students explore and clarify career interests and make the connection between postsecondary education and future career aspirations. Cal-SOAP also provides transfer student support through “Transfer: Making it Happen” and helps students and parents access important financial- aid information through the annual Cash for College Campaign workshops and events. In addition, the San Jose Cal-SOAP Consortium convenes key stakeholders from higher education institutions, K–12 districts, county offices of education, City of San Jose, and community agencies and businesses to collaboratively develop and implement academic preparation activities to maximize resources and avoid duplication of efforts.

Early Academic Outreach Program (EAOP). The University of California’s largest academic preparation program, EAOP works with students at underserved schools to prepare for postsecondary educational opportunities, complete all UC/CSU eligibility requirements, and apply for college and financial aid. EAOP partners with families, schools, and communities to make college dreams a reality and provides a variety of year-round services designed to increase the academic preparation, awareness, and motivation of middle and high school students toward higher education and to inform parents about available education opportunities.

Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs (GEAR UP) is a federally funded discretionary grant program designed to increase the number of low-income students who are prepared to enter and succeed in postsecondary education. Through the collaborative efforts of school and district partners along with additional business and community partners, GEAR UP provides critical academic preparation and support for students and families to help them navigate the college-going pathway. GEAR UP partnerships supplement existing school reform efforts and use research-proven practices to promote academic rigor and student achievement. The program brings much-needed resources to increase student academic performance and preparation for college, increase student and family college awareness, increase teachers’ capacity to prepare students for college, and create a college-going culture within the broader community. EPC provides a variety of school-based academic services in its three GEAR UP partnerships in Watsonville/Pajaro Valley and north and south Monterey County.

Girls in Engineering. Inspiring students to envision themselves as future engineers and scientists, Girls in Engineering brings middle school girls with an interest in mathematics together for a unique, two-week introduction to engineering at the Jack Baskin School of Engineering during the summer. Designed to broaden the STEM pipeline, students participate in hands-on STEM projects, such as building and programming robots; exposure to STEM college and career pathways through guest speakers, industry panels, and special lectures from faculty; research lab tours and visits to engineering and manufacturing firms and museums; early college experiences through UCSC campus tours and college-prep presentations; and other academic enrichment opportunities.

Mathematics, Engineering, Science Achievement (MESA) Schools Program provides academic development for middle and high school students to prepare for baccalaureate degree programs in mathematics and science and careers in engineering and other mathematics-based scientific fields. The program’s primary goal is to support students from underserved communities through fun-filled, hands-on projects and other college awareness activities to promote STEM college and career pathways. The UCSC MESA program provides academic support, enrichment opportunities, parent leadership, and college awareness to students, families, and partner schools in Santa Cruz and Monterey counties. The annual MESA Day Preliminary Competition brings hundreds of students to campus to compete against their peers in a variety of science, math, and engineering events.

Transfer Partnerships Program (TPP) identifies and supports prospective community college transfer students through academic planning and guidance services to strengthen the transfer process and help students make the successful transition to a four-year institution. Transfer outreach representatives visit the 13 community colleges in the immediate region around UCSC on an ongoing basis and meet with students and support their transfer goals. TPP helps students advance on the college-going pathway through academic planning and guidance; financial aid workshops and information about scholarships; transfer and UC application workshops; referrals to campuses of interest; course, major, and general articulation; UC Transfer Admission Guarantee referrals; transfer survival-skills workshops; UC campus tours; and invitations to UCSC-sponsored events.

Two policy groups advise and inform EPC and its partnerships, programs, and services. The Monterey Bay Educational Consortium (MBEC) is a strategic alliance among the public educational institutions in the Monterey Bay area dedicated to increasing the levels of educational attainment of all students in the region by focusing on collaborative activities. MBEC convenes the top administrative officers of the three county offices of education, school districts, regional community colleges, and public higher education institutions on a quarterly basis. The MBEC Teacher Workforce Initiative addresses teacher recruitment, retention, and preparation issues in the region; its purpose is to develop an effective data-driven process that begins with the collection of accurate yearly information about the teacher workforce.

The Chancellor’s Educational Partnership Advisory Council (CEPAC) engages deans, vice chancellors, and other key campus administrators from all UCSC divisions in discussions about educational partnerships and collaborations throughout the academic pipeline, from K–12 to postsecondary education. This leadership group leverages resources and expertise across the campus to address P-20 issues and advises the chancellor on education outreach and access programs and informs policy related to student academic preparation.

EPC is located at 2901 Mission Street Extension, Suite A. For more information, call (831) 459-3500 or visit online at .

Center for Visual and Performance Studies (VPS)

Housed at Porter College and affiliated with Cowell College, VPS develops multidisciplinary and integrated approaches to performance, visual studies, and the arts. Faculty and graduate students come from three divisions: Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences. Major grants received include UCHRI conference grant, France-Berkeley Fund, ARI collaborative research grants, and UC Presidential Chair funds. VPS supports graduate research assistantships, Fulbright Fellows, and visiting scholars.

Emphasizing historical and socially aware approaches, VPS explores how working across disciplinary boundaries of dance, theater, music, art, literary theory, anthropology, and history can uncover and foster new methodological approaches to the study of performance and visual culture. The intersections of new media, aesthetics and anthropology, of literature and dance, of performance and ethnography, and of all of these with the visual dimensions of representation have become ever more intensive areas of interdisciplinary research since the 1980s. Today, performative and visual media interact and redefine our understanding of culture, causing critical approaches to be of paramount importance to future academic study. Our work generates new theories of interpretation and meanings through conferences, seminars, publications, and classes.

The center sponsors an annual seminar series and special events. Recent seminar series include Visual Histories; Performance Histories (2007–08); Voices for Visualities and Performativities (2008–09); Difficult Dialogues: Sites/Sights of Trauma in Visual Culture (2009–10). Recent conferences include The Ends of Interdisciplinary (2006) and Unfolding the Baroque: Extensions of a Concept (2009). In 2010–11, VPS will focus on the work of Pier Paolo Pasolini, culminating in an international interdisciplinary conference, April 29–30, entitled Pasolini’s Body. The center welcomes the participation of all interested graduates students and faculty. For further information, contact the center’s director, Mark Franko,, or Trevor Sangrey

Institute for Humanities Research (IHR)

IHR was established in the fall of 1999 with funding from the Campus Provost/Executive Vice Chancellor’s Office and the Humanities Dean’s Office. IHR provides infrastructure in support of all manner of research activities, including assistance with grant proposal preparation, administration of grants, hosting of workshops and conferences, and dissemination of information about research opportunities and activities. Recognizing that humanities research is an important component of a first-rate research university and is crucial to excellent teaching and scholarship, IHR provides time, space, and support for the maintenance of a lively, active research community. IHR offers fellowships and grants to faculty, graduate, and undergraduate students in the humanities to pursue their research, and provides seed funds to faculty and students from across the campus to work together on common problems and concerns.

In addition, IHR administers a variety of research centers and initiatives including Center for Cultural Studies, Center for Jewish Studies, Center for Labor Studies, Center for Mediterranean Studies, Center for the Study of Pacific War Memories, Center for World History, Institute for Advanced Feminist Research, Bruce Initiative for Rethinking Capitalism, and Digital Humanities Initiative. Supported activities include research clusters, conferences, seminars, visiting scholars, publications, film series, and NEH summer seminars for university and high-school teachers. IHR also plays a central role in administration of multicampus projects, and is part of the University of California’s Humanities Initiative. For more information, please visit us at or e-mail us at

Bruce Initiative for Rethinking Capitalism

Three decades of profound advances in financial economics have transformed global markets, but have had relatively little impact on the social sciences and humanities. As a result, scholars face a dearth of intellectual resources that interpret, critique, defend, transform and explain the political phenomenon of derivatives. The crisis of 2008 set many of these issues in stark relief, but marked neither the end nor the beginning of the end. The initiative focuses on the intellectual and policy issues that will haunt us long after the initial reactions to the crisis fade.

Particular attention is paid to the evolution and regulation of derivatives. The model for valuing derivatives has become a new way of understanding capitalism as a production of new property (a commodity) by means of contract alone. Scholars in the social sciences and humanities are seeking to understand the difference that this new shape of capital has made to their fields. Within the minutiae of esoteric financial instruments lie social, political, and religious assumptions that remain largely unexamined to this day. The role of derivatives in the economy is currently being publicly questioned, criticized, and legislated. Economists are seeking to better understand the cultural, institutional, and moral dimensions of their work.

“Rethinking Capitalism” aims to connect those who are technically adept at the new financial technologies with scholars of culture, institutions, ethics, and theology. We support original research in political economy and the social study of finance. Visit us at

Center for Cultural Studies

The Center for Cultural Studies at UC Santa Cruz was founded in the spring of 1988 as a part of the University of California’s President’s Humanities Initiative. Through an ensemble of research clusters, conferences, workshops, visiting scholars, publications, film series, and a Resident Scholars Program, the Center encourages a broad range of research in the rapidly evolving field of cultural studies.

The international field of cultural studies emerged from the challenges posed to traditional humanistic and social scientific agendas by new research strategies in visual studies; anthropology, ethnography and folklore; feminist studies; comparative sociology and politics; semiotics; social, cultural, literary, and political theory; science studies; colonial discourse analysis; ethnic studies; and the histories of sexualities. These challenges, and the areas of scholarly activity they stimulate, compose the heart of cultural studies at UC Santa Cruz. Thus, the Center for Cultural Studies’ concern is to foster research across divisional and disciplinary boundaries.

While based in the humanities, the Center engages with the “interpretive” or “historical” social sciences, science studies, and theoretically informed work in the arts. The membership of the Center’s Advisory Board and faculty/graduate student participation in its events clearly reflect this cross-divisional agenda. Visit us at

Center for Jewish Studies

Jewish Studies is one of the most intellectually compelling and broadly relevant fields in the university. We design research projects and host public events that conceptually redraw the boundaries of Jewish studies, while encouraging people who may have previously been uninvolved in Jewish studies to engage with it.

Our primary constituents are the thousands of students at UC Santa Cruz, including the 1,200 who take Jewish Studies courses every year, making it one of the most popular programs in the entire university. We are also committed to creating programs that attract faculty and staff members as well as people from the broader Santa Cruz community. The content of our programming organically integrates the contemporary issues that are most important to our constituents, with a range of perspectives and methods unique to Jewish Studies. In so doing, we place Jewish Studies squarely at the center of the intellectual and cultural life of the campus and illuminate the central role that Jewish creativity has played in helping to shape human civilization for over three thousand years. Visit us at

Center for Labor Studies

The Center for Labor Studies, founded in 2007, is dedicated to the study of working people, the labor movement, and the challenge of the broader global economy as it impacts the working people of California and beyond. Through conferences, workshops, public lectures, and a range of guest speakers, we focus, in particular, on the relationship between the labor movement (broadly defined), social movements, and democratic practices; on gender, race, and ethnic dynamics; and on labor activism in international context. We also address a wide spectrum of questions related to the nature of work, employment, and working people’s lives in the U.S. and beyond. Our goal is to serve UCSC students, staff, and faculty while reaching out to the broader community of the Central Coast of California and beyond. Visit us at

Center for Mediterranean Studies

The Center for Mediterranean Studies is dedicated to the study of the nature of premodern Mediterranean societies and cultures and their role in world history and the history of “the West.” Located at the intersection of three continents, the premodern Mediterranean was a shared environment characterized by tremendous ethnic and religious diversity and by the particular intensity of its cultural, economic, and political exchange. Among Africans, Asians and Europeans, Christians, Muslims, and Jews, and others, both conflict and peaceful communication encouraged acculturation and spurred innovations that transformed the societies of the Mediterranean and their continental neighbors. It is affiliated with the independent scholarly forum the Mediterranean Seminar.

Because of the dominance of modern national paradigms, the weight of teleological historical traditions, and assumptions about the rigidity of ecumenical divisions, the premodern Mediterranean is frequently regarded as an anomaly. Sponsoring a diverse range of scholarly activities, including a reading group, colloquia, seminars, and publications, the Mediterranean Seminar provides a forum for scholarly exchange and dialogue across the humanities and social sciences. Our aim is to facilitate investigation into the premodern Mediterranean and to promote the incorporation of Mediterranean studies into university curricula. Visit us at

Center for the Study of Pacific War Memories

The Center for the Study of Pacific War Memories was established in the fall of 2006 to promote transnational, collaborative teaching and research projects across the Asia-Pacific region related to memories of the Pacific theater of World War II (1937–1945). Memories of the war are articulated and sustained in a wide range of media and practices at individual and collective levels. At the same time, memory changes over time, with changing contexts and changing agents of memory. Finally, while memory is at the core of identity-formation, memory-making in the modern world always operates at a global level. Thus, memories of the past in one place do not exist in isolation within single national or ethnic boundaries, but are always in formation through engagement with other memories from other places and other groups.

The foundational project of the center is the construction of a web site for a multilingual and multinational research community built around a user-generated digital archive called Eternal Flames: Living Memories of the Asia Pacific War. The site will enable the formation of collaborative research projects among both students and researchers from countries throughout the Pacific region, particularly promoting translingual work. Other center projects include a documentary film about a former Japanese soldier now living in California, an exhibit of photographs of Okinawa taken by an American serviceman in the early 1950s, and a data-rich virtual re-creation of a massive memorial complex in Okinawa. Visit us at

Center for World History (CWH)

As a part of a collective effort at imagining the development of world history as a research field, the CWH sponsors occasional lectures and conferences, including periodic conferences of the all-UC Multi-Campus Research Group, the World History Workshop. CWH is also active in encouraging the development of world history as a teaching field. To this end, it develops world history teaching materials available online. In summer 2009, the Center hosted an NEH Summer Seminar for classroom teachers on the theme “Production and Consumption in World History.” Visit us at

Dickens Project

Through a regular program of conferences, courses, and scholarly gatherings, the Dickens Project coordinates research and instruction in the work, times, influence, and achievement of Charles Dickens. Twice a year, faculty members and graduate students from the 10 campuses of the University of California, joined by colleagues from other universities, present their research findings to conference participants, interested undergraduate and graduate students, and members of the general public. They meet on the Santa Cruz campus each summer and at another university each winter. Each year, the conference is available as a regular Summer Session undergraduate course. The project also publishes its own newsletter and curricular materials and cosponsors international conferences. Visit us at

Digital Humanities Initiative

The Digital Humanities Initiative is constituted by a group of UCSC faculty from the Humanities, Arts, and Engineering divisions who meet regularly to discuss the impact of digital media on research in the humanities. The fundamental concern of the humanities is with the production and interpretation of culture. Focusing on the means of communication—language, inscription, visualization and materialization—and the modes of interpretation—experiential, aesthetic, metaphysical—the humanities address the ways that human beings make sense of their worlds. The emergence of digital media has the potential to dramatically expand the range and dimensions of humanities research while also returning us to a reexamination of our core principles of communication and interpretation. Digital media present opportunities for reconceiving spatiality and temporality, drastically expanding our access to and dissemination of information, and creatively reimagining new possibilities for expression. Perhaps most importantly, addressing the implications of digital media for humanities research compels us to question existing disciplinary boundaries and pursue transdisciplinary research methodologies and agendas. A primary goal for the Digital Humanities Initiative, therefore, is to explore ways that humanities research agendas can converge with and mutually advance research in digital media across the campus. Visit us at

Institute for Advanced Feminist Research (IAFR)

IAFR was established at UC Santa Cruz in 2002. It has a history of and future commitment to sponsoring projects that are historical, transnational, and interdisciplinary in their conception and collaborative and experimental in their practice. IAFR now houses and coordinates the University of California Multi-Campus Research Group (MRG) on Transnationalizing Justice. This research group includes nearly 70 faculty members from all nine UC campuses. Its annual dissertation workshop provides an innovative opportunity for close mentorship. The Group also hosts reading groups, conferences, and other public events. IAFR is also home to the Research Cluster for the Study of Women of Color in Collaboration and Conflict established at UCSC in 1991. Visit us at

Linguistics Research Center (LRC)

LRC at UC Santa Cruz facilitates research and education in the areas of theoretical linguistics—syntax, phonetics, phonology, morphology, and semantics. The members of the linguistics community at UCSC (faculty, students, and visiting scholars) work together under the auspices of the LRC to conduct and disseminate the results of their research to the larger linguistics community. An increasingly important aspect of LRC’s mission is to coordinate and administer the LRC Labs (SynLab, PhonLab and SemLab).

In addition, LRC serves as a liaison between researchers at other institutions and researchers at UC Santa Cruz. Among other efforts, the LRC hosts visiting scholars from other institutions interested in conducting research in the UCSC linguistics community, organizes workshops featuring participants from other U.S. and international institutions, engages in online publication of research conducted at UCSC, coordinates the logistics of externally funded research projects, and in general works to enhance the environment for linguistic research at UCSC.

Examples include UC Santa Cruz’s hosting of the 1991 LSA Linguistic Institute, the hosting of various conferences such as Semantics and Linguistic Theory (1999), the West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (2002 and 2011), and the Comparative Germanic Syntax Workshop (2006). Upcoming events sponsored by the LRC include UC Santa Cruz’s hosting of Formal Approaches to Japanese Linguistics (2010).

Furthermore, a collection of books and journals in linguistics, including working papers from many other linguistics departments, is maintained in the LRC Library, which is available for use by any LRC affiliate. And finally, the LRC sponsors visiting scholars for an entire academic year (or for shorter periods) through the Research Associate Program. Visit us at

Ray Film and Study Collection

The Satyajit Ray Film and Study Collection (Ray FASC) is a focused research activity concentrating on the films and other artistic works of Satyajit Ray, one of the world’s greatest filmmakers. Ray FASC maintains, in addition to 35-mm films and videocassettes of Satyajit Ray’s films, a collection of the Ray papers: books, articles, letters, screenplays, sketchbooks, costume designs, music tapes/recordings, posters, stills, illustrations, and other examples of Ray’s multifaceted genius. Ray FASC has received the Lethbridge Collection of some 1,500 volumes/items of works on Ray and by Ray in some 10 world languages. The gift has come from Mr. and Mrs. Cuthbert Lethbridge of Melbourne, Australia. With a major grant from the Packard Humanities Institute, Ray FASC has prepared an inventory, catalog, and database of the materials in the archive. Ray FASC hosts lectures, film screenings, seminars and exhibitions. It helped organize several Ray retrospectives nationally and internationally. Student internships and research projects in the archives are welcome. Visit us at

Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics (IGPP)

UC’s IGPP, a multicampus research unit, includes a branch at UCSC. The IGPP supports a wide range of basic research on the origin, structure, and evolution of Earth, the solar system, and the universe. One of the goals of this research is to predict future changes in global systems that may affect human life.

The UCSC branch of the institute addresses fundamental questions relating to Earth’s environment, global change, and planetary sciences. The UCSC branch includes five interdisciplinary research centers: the Center for Origin, Dynamics, and Evolution of Planets (CODEP); the Center for Dynamics and Evolution of the Land-Sea Interface (CDELSI); the Center for the Study of Imaging and Dynamics of the Earth (CSIDE); the Center for Remote Sensing (CRS); and the Center for Adaptive Optics (CfAO). These interdisciplinary centers serve to build bridges between different departments and heighten the focus on collaborative research efforts. A Massive Computer Simulation Facility (MCSF) has been established with a large parallel supercomputer for conducting geophysical and astrophysical modeling.

CDELSI brings together faculty from six departments: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Ocean Sciences, Environmental Toxicology, Anthropology, and Environmental Studies. Researchers in these departments are at the forefront of efforts to understand the complex processes and interactions occurring at the continental margin. A primary concern is the impact of global and regional climate change on key processes in the coastal environment, such as atmospheric circulation, ocean temperature and currents, nutrient cycling, and the geological processes that shape the continental margin.

CODEP brings together faculty from the Departments of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Earth and Planetary Sciences, and Physics. The interests of CODEP researchers include Earth’s internal dynamics, the formation of planets, how planetary systems evolve, and the discovery of new planets outside the solar system. This is a joint effort to understand as much as possible about planets in general, both in our own solar system and around other stars. The center encourages Earth scientists and astronomers to bring their different perspectives to bear on planetary issues.

CSIDE coordinates research in seismology, geodynamics, geomagnetism, hydrology, geomorphology, active tectonics, and mineral physics addressing structure and dynamics of the Earth’s interior. Thermal, chemical, and dynamic processes are studied in six affiliated research laboratories. CSIDE hosts a major industrial consortium focused on development of new seismic-imaging technologies.

CRS coordinates research efforts of faculty in the Departments of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Ocean Sciences, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Electrical Engineering, and Computer Engineering for the use of satellite and airborne remote sensing in studying processes occurring on the surfaces of Earth and other planets. Specific interests include astrogeology; plant ecology; coral reef health; volcanic, geothermal, and earthquake processes; climate change; submarine and coastal geology; ocean surface processes and marine habitats; and engineering development.

The Center for Adaptive Optics (CfAO) is a new UC multicampus center within the IGPP. Adaptive optics (AO) is an enabling technology that sharpens images by removing optical aberrations. This technology is transformative for ground-based astronomical telescopes, because it removes blurring due to turbulence in the Earth’s atmosphere. An exciting spin-off application is the use of AO for imaging the living human retina. The mission of the IGPP’s CfAO is to develop, apply, and disseminate adaptive optics science and technology in service to scientific research, health care, and industry. To accomplish these goals it will connect the different UC campus communities, foster research collaborations across campuses and disciplines, and develop the next generation of young leaders in this new field. The UC CfAO grew out of the successful NSF Science and Technology Center of the same name.

The IGPP was established in 1946 at UCLA. Other branches are located at UC San Diego, UC Riverside, UC Irvine, UC Berkeley, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. A key objective of the IGPP is to encourage and support cooperative projects that bring together researchers from different disciplines, campuses, and institutions. The UCSC branch was established in 1999. Web:

Institute of Marine Sciences (IMS)

With the dynamic combination of university marine scientists, state-of-the art facilities and analytical equipment, collaborative research, and an overriding commitment to quality, UC Santa Cruz is at the forefront of marine sciences research, education, and outreach. Set in the biologically rich environment of Monterey Bay and the nation’s largest national marine sanctuary, the campus provides students and scientists who seek to study the ocean and its life a unique opportunity to pursue their dreams.

Established in 1972, the IMS is composed of 37 affiliated faculty; 173 professional researchers, project scientists, specialists, postdoctoral researchers, and research associates; and 25 support staff. Marine scientists from the Departments of Ocean Sciences, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology, and Chemistry and Biochemistry conduct their research within the shared focus of the institute. The institute provides facilities and administrative and technical support for faculty, researchers, and graduate and undergraduate students involved in marine sciences. Faculty and researchers work independently and collaboratively within eight clusters:

  • Coastal biology
  • Environmental toxicology
  • Fisheries and fishery management
  • Marine and coastal geology
  • Marine and coastal policy
  • Marine vertebrate biology
  • Oceanography and ocean processes
  • Paleoceanography, paleoclimatology, and global change

An undergraduate major leading to a B.S. in marine biology is described on page 151; a two-year graduate program leading to an M.S. in ocean sciences is described on page 397. Doctoral students pursue marine research through the Ph.D. programs in the Departments of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology, or Ocean Sciences.


The institute’s on-campus complex includes the IMS administrative office; research laboratories; offices for researchers, postdocs, and visiting scientists; state-of-the-art analytical labs for marine chemistry, biology, and geology; a computer laboratory; culture rooms for invertebrates and algae; portable seagoing analytical labs; and support facilities for cruise staging.

The Joseph M. Long Marine Laboratory, an onshore site three miles from campus on the shoreline of the nation’s largest national marine sanctuary, has running seawater capabilities that increase opportunities for research and instruction. Facilities include research laboratory buildings; outdoor tanks for research involving marine mammals (dolphins, seals, sea lions, and otters), seabirds, and fish; and teaching laboratories. Specialized laboratories and facilities for marine physiology, ecology, and marine mammal bioacoustics studies are available. Adjacent to the lab are 55 acres of land for which plans have been developed and approved for an expanded marine lab campus with space for future research and educational facilities. The marine sciences campus also has a protected lagoon, a sandy beach, and rocky intertidal platforms for field research. Because Long Marine Lab is close to the campus, work there is easily incorporated into daily campus activities.

Each year, over 55,000 people—including 10,000 schoolchildren—tour the Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab. Trained volunteer docents welcome visitors, guide groups through the laboratory, and provide information on research in progress. The Seymour Center houses an aquarium, exhibits that interpret the research underway within the institute, two classrooms for school groups, and an auditorium. All are open to the public—including K–12 classes—for a modest fee.

In addition, the Center for Ocean Health at Long Marine Lab houses offices and labs for marine sciences faculty and their research programs, as well as two nonprofits: the Nature Conservancy’s Coastal Waters Program and Island Conservation.

IMS maintains a number of small vessels equipped for nearshore coastal research, several small craft for inshore work, and a scientific diving program. In addition, IMS-associated faculty, researchers, and students work around the world aboard larger oceanographic vessels.

IMS has scientific control over use of Año Nuevo Island, the largest elephant seal rookery on the Pacific coast (see description below).

IMS maintains active cooperative research agreements with both the Biological Resources Division and the Coastal and Marine Group of the U.S. Geological Survey that have 50 agency scientists now housed adjacent to Long Marine Laboratory.

The institute maintains a cooperative agreement with the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). In 2000, this agency completed a fisheries laboratory at Long Marine Lab, which houses 55 scientists and staff working on salmon, bottom fish, and fishery-management issues. NMFS scientists study causes of variability in abundance and health of fish populations and the economics of exploiting and protecting natural resources. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has also located sanctuary staff within this federal building. The California Department of Fish and Game operates a Marine Wildlife Research Center at Long Marine Lab, which provides interior lab space and outdoor pool space for research on sea otters and the effects of oil and other contaminants on marine mammals and seabirds.

Additional collaboration also takes place with scientists at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, Hopkins Marine Station, the Monterey Bay Aquarium, the Naval Postgraduate School, and the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary.

IMS web sites: and

Santa Cruz Predatory Bird Research Group

The Santa Cruz Predatory Bird Research Group (SCPBRG) was formed in 1975 to restore an endangered peregrine falcon population in California. Since then, more than 1,000 peregrine falcons have been released to the wild and the Pacific Coast population has recovered and been removed from State and Federal Endangered Species Lists.

SCPBRG advises students on their senior theses, directs interns in individual studies, and teaches a College 8 class, Peregrine Falcon Recovery—A Case Study in Conservation Success. In addition, we lead a large conservation education and outreach program that includes falcon nest cameras posted on our web site, training for volunteers who monitor peregrine falcons, and conservation education lectures for schools and community. SCPBRG is located at the Long Marine Laboratory and is affiliated with the Seymour Discovery Center. For more information, visit us at

Scientific Diving and Boating Safety

The university’s Diving Safety Program (DSP) is housed within the Institute of Marine Sciences, with offices at Long Marine Lab. Scuba diving and small boats are tools used in science classes and by UCSC faculty, staff, and student researchers in Monterey Bay and at study sites worldwide. In order to ensure safe scuba diving and scientific boating practices, DSP provides training and oversight for all scuba diving (scientific and recreational) and scientific boating activities conducted under UCSC auspices. The diving safety officer teaches Biology 75, Scientific Diving Certification (see page 155), which is a prerequisite for all UCSC courses and research using scuba diving as a tool. DSP maintains a fleet of boats and diving equipment for researchers to use. DSP assists faculty, staff, and student researchers in complying with federal OSHA standards for scientific scuba diving. Anyone who needs to use scuba diving or small boats for scientific purposes should contact the DSP Office at Web:

Recreational diving opportunities offered by the Office of Physical Education, Recreation, and Sports (OPERS) include numerous scuba courses and the Scuba Club. The web address is

Institute for Scientist and Engineer Educators (ISEE)

ISEE, an innovative initiative at UC Santa Cruz, prepares science and engineering (S&E) graduate students for their educational role as future faculty members, and a wide range of other science and engineering careers requiring teaching skills. Graduate students participate in workshops and gain practical teaching experience while completing their S&E graduate studies through a flexible program that includes a certificate pathway. ISEE graduate students will be at the forefront of transforming undergraduate S&E education by leading curricular innovations, focusing on inquiry, diversity and equity issues, and assessment. In ISEE’s unique “Teaching Labs,” participants gain practical teaching experience in programs and courses at the college level. ISEE currently offers a certificate in teaching innovative laboratory experiences, and will be developing other types of certificates in the near future. Participants in ISEE programs are also eligible for fellowships that support their effort on revising undergraduate courses, or other related projects. Graduate students who have participated in ISEE programs come away with unique qualifications for a their future careers, which go beyond and supplement their research training. They have received prestigious postdoctoral fellowships, and moved into faculty positions across the country.

In addition to workshops on teaching and learning, ISEE offers workshops on mentoring and is expanding programs related to workforce and career development. ISEE also includes a research strand aimed at teaching, learning and professional development, related to science and engineering in higher education through the workforce.

ISEE offers an opportunity for S&E graduate students at UCSC to become part of a dynamic and innovative community that values both research and education. Through programs, workshops, symposia, group meetings, and retreats, ISEE participants experience an environment that supports the professional development of future scientists and engineers.

ISEE is located at the Center for Adaptive Optics building on campus. Visit

Monterey Bay Education, Science, and Technology (MBEST) Center

UCSC has played a leading role in the development of a multi-institutional center for science, technology, education, and policy—the MBEST Center—as a cornerstone of the Fort Ord defense conversion redevelopment plan.

The mission of the MBEST Center is to promote collaborative interaction among private businesses, government research agencies, public and private education and research institutions, and policy makers in strategic alliances to address the environmental opportunities and challenges of the new millennium.

In 1994, about 1,100 acres at the former Fort Ord Military Reservation were conveyed to the University of California. Of that land, 479 acres are available for development, and 605 acres of adjacent natural habitat are now part of the UC Natural Reserve System. Investments in roadway and utilities infrastructure have been completed, making 55 acres of real estate ready for development. In addition, the UC MBEST Center headquarters and a high-technology business incubator were completed in 2001.

Information about the center is available from the UC MBEST Center Office, 3239 Imjin Road, Marina, CA 93933, (831) 582-1020; via e-mail:; web:

Natural Reserve System (NRS)

The purpose of the NRS is to establish and maintain, for teaching and research, a system of natural areas that encompass diverse and undisturbed examples of California’s terrain, both aquatic and terrestrial. The reserves are open to all qualified individuals and institutions for scholarly work concerned with the natural environment. Such work usually deals with ecological topics or experimental studies in a natural setting.

The University of California administers 37 natural reserves throughout the state. Santa Cruz has responsibility for four—the Landels-Hill Big Creek Reserve, Fort Ord Natural Reserve, Año Nuevo Island, and Younger Lagoon Natural Reserve—in addition to the campus’s own reserve. Information about the system’s holdings and management is available from the director, NRS, University of California, 1111 Franklin Street, Oakland, CA 94607-5200, (510) 987-0150. Web: nrs.ucop. edu. You may also contact the UCSC natural reserve director, c/o Environmental Studies Department, 467 Natural Sciences 2 Building, (831) 459-4971,

Campus Natural Reserve

Approximately 400 acres of campus wildlands were designated by the Regents in the 1988 Long-Range Development Plan as a Campus Natural Reserve. This reserve contains redwood forest, springs, a stream, vernal pools, secondary madrone/Douglas fir forest, chaparral, and many soil types and geological formations and structures. The reserve is used for research and teaching and is overseen by the UCSC natural reserve director, c/o Environmental Studies Department, 467 Natural Sciences 2 Building, (831) 459-4971, Students may join the volunteer program by contacting

Landels-Hill Big Creek Reserve

This 4,000-acre reserve is located in the Santa Lucia Mountains on the Big Sur coast, about two hours by car from the campus. The reserve includes the lower portions of an undisturbed and protected watershed containing numerous terrestrial and aquatic habitats and several geological formations and associated fault systems. The upper watershed is protected by the Ventana Wilderness of the Los Padres National Forest. The reserve’s four miles of rocky coastline, located within the California Sea Otter Refuge area and the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary, is now a California Department of Fish and Game Marine Protected Area and provides opportunities for marine research. There are campsites, a modest field-laboratory facility, a cabin for long-term researchers, and a small storage facility. The Big Creek Reserve is managed by the onsite reserve director. Access is controlled, and applications for use should be made to the resident reserve manager, Big Creek Reserve, Big Sur, CA 93920, (831) 667-2543,

Fort Ord Natural Reserve

This 600-acre reserve was added to the system in 1996. It contains Monterey Bay maritime chaparral, an endemic plant community, and coast live oak woodland, grassland, and coastal scrub, including nine species of plants and animals that are listed as endangered, threatened, or of special status. The reserve was part of the former Fort Ord army base and its habitats are relatively intact. The reserve specializes in studies of plant ecology and rare species conservation. It is a 45-minute drive from campus. For information, contact the UCSC natural reserve director, c/o Environmental Studies Department, 467 Natural Sciences 2 Building, (831) 459-4971,

Younger Lagoon Reserve

A 26-acre coastal lagoon and beach next to UCSC’s Long Marine Laboratory is part of the NRS. Its waters are a haven for many species of migratory birds, and many small mammals, birds, reptiles, and invertebrates live in its marsh and bank vegetation. A 20-year restoration effort has been initiated. The site provides opportunities for student projects and hands-on involvement in restoration and monitoring. Younger Lagoon is managed by the UCSC natural reserve director and field manager, c/o Environmental Studies Department, 467 Natural Sciences 2 Building, (831) 459-4971,

Año Nuevo Island Reserve

This 25-acre island, part of the 4,000-acre Año Nuevo State Reserve 20 miles north of Santa Cruz, is a university research reserve of the NRS. Northern elephant seals, California sea lions, northern sea lions, and harbor seals breed and haul out at different seasons. The reserve’s breeding colony of elephant seals has been the subject of a remarkable 40-year study by UCSC scientists. More than 300 species of land, shore, and sea birds reside in or migrate through the area, which also has a diversity of fish and intertidal organisms. Access to the island is restricted, and UCSC’s research use is managed by the UCSC Institute of Marine Sciences (see page 77). An annual use agreement with California State Parks allows research and field work throughout Año Nuevo State Reserve. A small research facility is located on the island, and a day-use facility is available in the state reserve. For further information, call (831) 459-2883, e-mail, or visit the web:

Physical and Biological Sciences Division

Research Programs/Centers

Microbiology and Biomedical Research. The Division of Physical and Biological Sciences supports a broad range of biomedical research in the Departments of Chemistry and Biochemistry; Environmental Toxicology; and Molecular, Cell, and Developmental Biology. Structural biology, the molecular biology of RNA, genetics, bioinformatics, chromatin biology, and developmental biology are areas of particular strength. Researchers work in state-of-the-art laboratories, with additional access to shared facilities, equipment, and computational tools. Collaborative research is frequent, both among investigators within the division as well as with faculty in the Baskin School of Engineering, which is internationally recognized for its expertise in computational biology. These collaborative efforts are facilitated by the university’s Center for Biomolecular Science and Engineering. There are excellent training opportunities for postdoctoral fellows, and graduate and undergraduate students in areas of biomedical research and the health sciences. Web:

Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computer (SciDAC) and the Supernova Science Center. The center consists of a partnership among UCSC, UC Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, University of Arizona, Stanford University, State University of New York at Stony Brook, and Johns Hopkins University. This group strives for a full understanding, through numerical computation, of how supernovae of all types explode and how the elements have been created in nature. Web:

Research Facilities

Chemical Screening Center (CSC). UCSC’s CSC offers access to high-throughput screening technologies to speed the identification of small molecules that modulate biochemical or cellular processes and have the potential to alter disease states. The CSC maintains a suite of modern robotic instrumentation that permits high-throughput biochemical and cell-based screening of up to 50,000 compounds a day. In addition to targeted and known drug libraries purchased from commercial vendors, the CSC curates a growing collection of natural products. All libraries housed at UCSC are submitted to a panel of screens in diverse organisms, paring each compound with a broad bioactivity profile. Active compounds are prioritized based on potency and phenotype, and target ID may be immediately pursued using affinity approaches. Through collaboration with UC investigators, the CSC aims to accelerate the path from new discoveries in biology to validated biological targets to provide novel small-molecule therapies for fighting diseases such as cancer, malaria, Parkinson’s disease and cholera. Web:

Climate Change and Impacts Laboratory (CCIL). The lab is a computational facility sponsored by the National Science Foundation, the California Energy Commission, and UCSC. The facilities include a 32-processor (quad core) Dell PowerEdge M1000e supercomputer, numerous high-performance workstations, and multiterabyte data storage and backup facilities. The goals of CCIL are to calculate scenarios of likely future climate change and to investigate the possible impacts of climate change on the various dimensions of a given region, providing a multidisciplinary and multidimensional view of the possible effects of future climate change at regional scales. The current focus is concentrated on a region centered in California because of its complex topography, diverse microclimates and ecosystems, large and growing population, and vulnerability to water. CCIL members are scientists from the departments of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Environmental Studies, Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology, and Ocean Sciences, and represent a wide range of expertise on aspects of California’s human and natural systems. Web:

Confocal Microscopy Facility. The facility houses a Zeiss LSM5 Pascal Confocal Microscope System, providing outstanding optical resolution, as well as high-speed scanning. UCSC investigators currently use this system to study neuronal receptor cellular localization, neuronal targeting, Vibrio cholerae biofilm formation, and immune cell interactions during immunological tolerance. Web:

Crustal Imaging Laboratory (CIL). The lab provides researchers with the sophisticated hardware and software resources necessary to perform high-resolution studies of the Earth’s surface and outer layers. CIL facilities consist of a network of Sun, Linux, and PC workstations, a variety of input/output and mass-storage devices, and both commercial and academic multichannel seismic-processing packages for seismic and surface imaging, and geodesy. Research is focused on remote sensing and GPS analysis, surface bathymetric and roughness mapping, and both 2D and 3D seismic-reflection imaging. Web:

Earth System Modeling Laboratory. The lab is home to the Paleoclimate and Climate Change Research Group, which is presently focused on past and future climatic and environmental change, and hosts several national and international visitors each year. This research takes many forms and involves the use of various kinds of models and observations, as well as a wealth of paleoclimate proxy data from many marine and terrestrial locations. Computing facilities include a Dell PowerEdge M1000e Blade server with 16 PowerEdge M600 blades (2 quad core Xeon processors per blade), numerous high-performance workstations and servers, and multi-terabyte data storage and backup facilities. The computing resources are used for global and regional climate-modeling efforts and data analysis. Web:

Electron Microscopy and Digital Imaging Facility. This facility, located in C230 Earth and Marine Science Building, provides instruments and equipment for light and electron microscopy and digital imaging. Two transmission electron microscopes (TEM) are available. A JEOL 1200 EX TEM equipped with a Gatan Bioscan digital camera is used for general room-temperature applications. The lab also houses a state-of-the-art JEOL 1230 TEM equipped with a Gatan cryostage and transfer device, a Gatan Ultrascan digital camera, and a Gatan 626 video camera. Scanning electron microscopy is done using the lab’s Hitachi S-2700 SEM, equipped with a digital imaging system. Web:

Electron Spin Resonance Facility. The facility is used to examine the structure and properties of metal-containing inorganic complexes, peptides, proteins, enzymes, nanoparticles, and biological membranes. The facility’s Bruker ELEXSYS 580 X-band spectrometer operates in either continuous-wave or pulsed mode, with variable temperature control. A high-sensitivity Bruker EMX is especially useful for the limited sample sizes often encountered in biological studies. Web:

UCSC Greenhouses. Located on the rooftops of buildings on Science Hill, the UCSC Greenhouses provide core support for instructional and research programs in the Departments of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, and Environmental Studies. The instructional facility, open to the campus community, houses an extensive collection of plants and has both indoor and outdoor classroom areas. Two high-quality research facilities provide equipment, space and staffing for prominent work by faculty, graduate, and undergraduate research. Web:

Hydrogeology Facilities. These facilities include hardware, software, and technical expertise applied to field sampling and measurements, lab analyses, and computer modeling. Hydrologic equipment and supplies include flow meters and rain gauges, autonomous and networked conductivity, temperature, pressure, and water-content sensors; hydraulic and hand augers and other soil-sampling equipment; level tapes and staff plates; infiltrometers, lysimeters, piezometers, and tensiometers; and a borehole geophysical logging system. Lab space is dedicated to sediment analysis, including instruments for geotechnical and hydrologic testing of core samples. Outstanding analytical facilities are available throughout the Earth and Planetary Sciences and Ocean Sciences departments, the Institute of Marine Sciences, and the Institute for Geophysics and Planetary Physics. Collaborations at numerous regional institutions allow for specialized capabilities for isotopic, grain size, CNS, and other analyses of sediment, rock, and water samples. A dedicated computing lab is well equipped with fast workstations (SunOS, Linux, PC, and Mac), portable (field) computers, printers (black and white, and color), a large-format plotter, scanners, and other devices and associated software for interfacing with field and lab instruments. Web:

W. M. Keck Isotope Laboratory. The laboratory comprises two mass spectrometers (a thermal-ionization mass spectrometer and a ThermoFinnigan Neptune multiple-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer) and wet chemical labs, all housed in a class 1000 suite of clean labs. The thermal ionization mass spectrometer is a fully automated, nine-Faraday collector VG Sector 54 equipped with a WARP filter and an ion counting Daly. Offering high-precision isotope measurements for almost all elements in the periodic table, the Neptune is equipped with nine Faraday collectors and four ion counters, one of which is located behind an RPQ filter to give high-abundance sensitivity. The facilities include separate rooms for cleaning, dissolution and acid preparation, Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf separations, and U-Th-Ra-Pa separations. Single zircon analysis may also be conducted using the mineral separation lab equipped with a Leica binocular microscope. Projects covering Earth sciences, marine sciences, environmental
science and archaeology frequently use the W. M. Keck Isotope Laboratory facilities for high-precision isotope measurements. Web:

W. M. Keck Seismological Laboratory. Researchers at the seismological laboratory are investigating problems in earthquake seismology, plate tectonics, global Earth structure, seismic wave propagation, and nuclear-testing treaty monitoring. This research is conducted using a state-of-the art computer system including access to a 1950 node cluster and multicore workstations. Field equipment includes a portable broadband seismic network for remote deployments, a terresterial LiDAR, gravimeter, and borehole pressure and temperature sensors. An earthquake physics laboratory also maintains a TA AR2000ex industrial rheometer for granular flow studies and a Zygo Newview white-light interferometer. Web:

Macromolecular X-ray Crystallography Facility. The facility houses a state-of-the-art rotating-anode/imaging-plate X-ray crystallography data collection suite, a cryosystem, and a collection of Apple, SGI and Linux computer workstations and software for crystallography data collection and computation, molecular visualization, and model building. UCSC scientists have used the facility to investigate the structure of the ribosome, catalytic RNA (“ribozymes”), the spliceosome, and protein structures relevant to cell-cycle regulation. Users of the facility also collaborate with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s Advanced Light Source synchrotron radiation facility and the Stanford Synchrotron Light Source. Web:

Marine Analytical Laboratories. The Marine Analytical labs are a part of the Institute of Marine Sciences at UC Santa Cruz (see page 77). They consist of a general access analytical facility for the support of research in the marine sciences. Scientific instruments and other equipment to aid research in marine chemistry, biology, geology, and environmental toxicology are housed in a central lab complex within the Earth and Marine Sciences Building. Analytical instrumentation; instruction in use of the equipment; consultation in experimental design, sampling, analysis, and data interpretation; and general assistance in all aspects of analytical science are available. Web:

Mass Spectrometry Facility. Mass spectrometry is an analytical technique used to measure the mass-to-charge ratio of chemical ions. The facility currently houses two mass spectrometers: a Thermo Finnigan LC/MS/MS (LTQ) and an Ettan MALDI-TOF. This equipment is capable of determining the molecular weight of both small molecules and peptides, identifying proteins, and characterizing protein modifications. Web:

Microarray Facility. Used for genome-wide splicing and expression analyses of diverse organisms, from microbes to humans, the facility supports both spotted microscope slide and Affymetrix microarray research. Equipment includes an Affymetrix GeneChip system, a robotic microscope slide arrayer, an Axon slide scanner, and a 96-channel automated liquid handler. The staff offer wet-lab expertise to investigators, with bioinformatics specialists from the School of Engineering providing computational support. Web:

Mineral Physics Laboratory. Experiments to determine the thermochemical and elastic properties of planetary materials at ultrahigh pressure (up to 150 GPa) and temperature (up to 6,000 K) are conducted in this lab. High P-T conditions are generated using the diamond anvil cell coupled with laser heating. Presently, both Raman and infrared spectroscopic facilities are available for characterization of the structural and bonding properties of minerals and fluids in situ at pressures and temperatures characteristic of planetary interiors. In addition, a high-intensity x-ray generator is used to determine the equations of state and phase equilibria of mineral assemblages relevant to the Earth’s mantle and core, and a transmission electron microscope is used to analyze crystal defects and for micro-phase identification. Web:

Molecular Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics Facility. The MEEG facility provides molecular technologies for analyses of the structure and dynamics of genetic diversity found in animal, plant, and microbial populations. The facility includes two ABI 3100 Genetic Analyzers for analysis of DNA sequences and DNA fragments, a Packard Multiprobe II Automated Liquid Handling System to facilitate DNA preparation, and a Becton Dickinson FACSCalibur Flow Cytometer, for immunophenotyping, analyses of cellular ploidy level, absolute cell counting, and cell sorting. The facility is capable of assessing hundreds of samples each week for differences in the DNA sequence of individual genes, specific genetic markers, and overall DNA content. Web:

Nanosecond Time-resolved Laser Spectroscopy. The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry maintains several laser spectroscopy systems capable of measuring time-resolved spectra from the far UV to the near IR regions. Various systems are optimized to measure nanosecond-resolution time-resolved absorption spectra, linear dichroism spectra, circular dichroism spectra, magnetic circular dichroism spectra, optical rotatory dispersion, or magnetic optical rotatory dispersion. Software is available to collect and analyze data to obtain kinetics and spectra of reaction intermediates from nanosecond to second time scales. These facilities are used in a wide variety of research, including photochemical and photobiological studies, examination of functional and folding mechanisms of peptides and proteins, and investigation of fast electron and proton transfer in proteins involved in mitochondrial and bacterial respiration. Web:

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance/Mass Spectroscopy Facilities. The NMR facility brings together an interdisciplinary group of researchers from the departments of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Molecular, Cell, and Developmental Biology. Ongoing research includes structural elucidation of anticancer natural product isolation from marine organisms, organic intermediates for drug synthesis, specially designed peptide intermediates, and oligonucleotide derivatives that remain attached to solid supports. At present, the facility manages four high-resolution NMR spectrometers: two 3-channel Varian Unity+ 500s with direct and inverse detection probes; a Varian INOVA 600 system with a 600-MHz cold-probe system; and a Bruker/TecMag AC250. Initial funding came from the Lucille P. Markey Charitable Trust and the W. M. Keck Foundation, as well as individual research grants from the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and other sources available to UCSC. Web:

Paleomagnetism Laboratory. This lab is located in a remote building specially constructed with nonmagnetic materials and isolated from major sources of man-made magnetic noise. Inside this building, a magnetically shielded room houses a state-of-the-art superconducting magnetometer, a sensitive spinner magnetometer, thermal and alternating field demagnetizaters, and paleointensity equipment. A second lab, devoted to the study of rock and mineral magnetic properties and housed in the Earth and Marine Sciences Building, contains another spinner magnetometer, devices for measuring Curie temperatures, magnetic susceptibility and its anisotropy, hysteresis loops, and computer facilities for data analysis and graphics. Web:

Proteomics Facility. Designed to perform large-scale comparisons in protein expression, such as in cancer progression, Parkinson’s disease and manganese toxicity, the facility houses an Amersham Ettan Proteomics Lab with Differential Gel Electrophoresis (DIGE) technology. School of Engineering computer scientists will assist in processing the large amounts of protein data generated. Web:

Rock Preparation Facility. The facility is fully equipped to aid researchers in petrographic section making, rock crushing, sample sieving, and mineral separation. A full-time technical staff member oversees the facility. Web: Web:

Shared Stem Cell Facility (SSCF). This facility comprises an advanced stem cell laboratory for research and training in manipulation techniques and the production of transgenic organisms. It supports faculty-led research and course work for the UCSC CIRM Training Program in Systems Biology of Stem Cells. This facility enables work on non-NIH approved human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines. The facility consists of a laboratory for embryonic stem cell growth and manipulation, a state-of-the-art transgenic facility, and staff with expertise in experimental design, protocol development, and data analysis. The SSCF suite includes a core cell culture room and a cell culture training room for instructing individual researchers, small groups, and students taking the stem cell biology laboratory course. Adjoining rooms include a microscopy core, a live imaging and cytometry core, and rooms for reagent preparation and sample processing and analysis. Web:

Stable Isotope Laboratory. This lab is a state-of-the-art facility that houses five isotope ratio mass spectrometers for the isotopic analyses of carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen species in solid and liquid samples. Samples can be analyzed from either natural abundance or, in some instances, enriched sources. Front-ends for the IRMSs include two automated carbonate devices and a full suite of continuous-flow peripheral devices. Web:

Santa Cruz Center for International Economics (SCCIE)

The SCCIE is a group of UCSC and other scholars working in the field of international economics, broadly defined to cover international finance, open-economy macroeconomics, international trade, development economics (and linkages with environmental issues), and international political economy. SCCIE applies leading-edge research, in order to understand the most pressing issues in the international arena, including financial crises, global imbalances, world poverty, economic development in China and India, international labor migration, and world-wide trade patterns.

The objective of SCCIE is to broaden understanding of international economic issues by sponsoring faculty and graduate student research, conferences, undergraduate research internships studies, and the exchange of scholars from around the world. The center also supports and participates in nonpartisan programs designed to bring greater public awareness and understanding to policy issues involving international economics. To this end, SCCIE supports public seminars, publication of working papers, and occasional public forums.

For more information, visit the SCCIE web site:; call (831) 459-1553; fax (831) 459-5077; or e-mail:

Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics (SCIPP)

The SCIPP was established on the Santa Cruz campus by the Regents in 1980 to coordinate research and instruction in elementary particle physics and related areas. Its staff members, as well as visiting scientists, are engaged in theoretical and experimental particle physics and particle astrophysics projects that concern the fundamental interactions of matter. Additional work includes projects in neurobiology and radiobiology. They are also involved in graduate and undergraduate instruction as regular faculty or adjunct professors, usually with the Department of Physics.

Experimental work such as the design, testing, and construction of large-scale particle detectors, as well as associated electronics, takes place in the development laboratories on campus. Many of the experiments are ultimately performed at large facilities, national or international laboratories, or using space-based detectors.

The detector development at SCIPP is largely concerned with miniaturization of detectors. Design and testing of custom-integrated circuitry is a major facet of this effort. At present, the institute’s principal experimental projects include the following:

  • Analysis of data from the BaBar detector, with an emphasis on matter-antimatter mixing for charmed particles, and rare “radiative penguin” decays in which a bottom particle decays into an array of light particles accompanied by the emission of a single high-energy gamma ray
  • Studies of ultrahigh-energy cosmic-ray showers at facilities associated with Los Alamos National Laboratory and the VERITAS telescope array
  • Scientific exploitation of the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider facility at the CERN Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland, of which SCIPP played a major role in design and construction; research and development of the future upgrade to the ATLAS detector, including radiation-hardened electronics and silicon sensors and high-speed data transmission, is a parallel activity
  • Development of the ground station and flight components for the BARREL balloon program to study the loss of relativistic electrons from the Van Allen belts to Earth’s atmosphere
  • Development of the ADELE airborne gamma-ray detector to study particle acceleration associated with lightning
  • Scientific exploitation of the GLAST orbiting gamma-ray telescope of which SCIPP played a key role in the design and fabrication

Both graduate and undergraduate students take part in these projects, which give them opportunities for thesis work, independent study, and part-time employment. Students have gained experience in electronics, computer-aided design (CAD) and use of scientific instrumentation as well as in actual experimentation and data analysis.

The institute’s theorists have broad interests in high-energy physics, astrophysics, and cosmology—subjects that have become increasingly interrelated in recent years. Topics of their recent work have included the following:

  • Phenomenological properties of Higgs bosons and formulation of search strategies for their discovery
  • Development and analysis of other new theories of particle physics that can be tested at present and future accelerators, especially supersymmetric theories
  • Investigations of gauge theories of strong and electroweak interactions, topics in quantum field theory and string theory
  • Physics of the early universe including the origin of matter-antimatter asymmetry, inflation, and the nature of the dark matter and dark energy
  • Theories of galaxy formation

The theory group collaborates with the SCIPP experimental group, the UCSC astrophysicists and astronomers associated with Lick and Keck Observatories, the large theoretical physics group at SLAC, and theorists at UC Berkeley, UC Davis, and the Institute for Theoretical Physics at UC Santa Barbara. The theory group supports the research and thesis work of graduate students and occasionally supervises undergraduate theses. Web:

Social Sciences Division

Research Facilities

Archaeology and Physical Anthropology Laboratories. These laboratories are dedicated to teaching and research in both anthropological archaeology and physical (biological) anthropology. Within the labs are spaces for the study of ceramics, lithics, spatial archaeology (CISR), zooarchaeology, comparative anatomy and osteology, and forensic anthropology. The laboratories maintain collections related to local Monterey Bay archaeology, as well as comparative vertebrate osteology and taphonomic specimens. Web:

Center for Integrated Spatial Research. The Center for Integrated Spatial Research is described above.

Center for Tropical Research in Ecology, Agriculture, and Development (CenTREAD) is a coalition of faculty and students spanning several departments and centers at UC Santa Cruz. The center fosters interdisciplinary research and training to understand tropical environmental issues and develop ecologically based, economically viable, culturally respectful, nonexploitative solutions that serve as a foundation for future generations. The center offers a variety of undergraduate and graduate courses at UCSC, and strives to provide educational opportunities to U.S. citizens who work in tropical countries and to students from tropical countries. Web:

CineMedia Project (CMP). This is a noncirculating research archive dedicated to the study of Latin American and Latino film and video. CMP, located on the first floor of Casa Latina at Merrill College, is open to UCSC faculty, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates. by making arrangements with the department manager. Visitors may have access to the archive by special arrangements. Visit us at

Life Lab Science Program. Life Lab helps bring learning to life in a garden through curriculum, professional development, and innovative programs at our Garden Classroom site, located on the UCSC Farm.

Museum of Natural History Collections (MNHC). MNHC is dedicated to cultivating an increased understanding and appreciation of the natural world by promoting the use of its natural science collections for teaching, research, and aesthetics. The museum, part of the Environmental Studies Department, is the main repository for natural science collections at UC Santa Cruz. Collections include specimens of plants, fungi, insects, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Web:

Plant Growth Facility (Greenhouses). The greenhouses are described above.

Social Sciences Media Laboratory. This lab comprises an academic support and resource center for media equipment and services within the Division of Social Sciences. The Media Lab provides technical consultation and support; equipment training; and equipment loans for faculty, students and staff in the division.

The Media Lab has video workstations, audio workstations, digital-photography workstations, and black-and-white chemical darkroom facilities. The lab’s facilities are available for use by Social Sciences faculty, undergraduates and graduate students doing research, course work, independent studies and undergraduate or graduate thesis work within the division.

The Media Lab offers lab classes and specialized workshops to educate faculty and students about the technical fundamentals of the video, audio, and photographic medium.

The lab may be contacted by phone at (831) 459-4010 or by e-mail at Web:

South Asia Studies Initiative. UC Santa Cruz is the University of California’s campus that meets the needs of Silicon Valley, including the vibrant South Asian diaspora that has contributed to the region’s innovations and economic growth. An important aspect of the campus’s educational mission is creating a major new South Asia Studies Center with global visibility, contributing to understanding not only South Asia’s priceless heritage, but also its future trajectory. The center will focus particularly on India’s new role as a leading participant in the world economy, including its emergence as a source of management expertise, entrepreneurship, capital, and innovation. The initiative is a campus-wide collaboration that builds on existing initiatives and research from multiple disciplines and in strong partnership with the region’s South Asian community. Currently, the initiative hosts the Mapping the Future of India public lecture series, featuring speakers from around the world focusing on issues of science, technology, economics, and politics in India and the region. For additional information, please contact Andrea Cohen,, (831) 459-2919.

UCSC Farm and the Alan Chadwick Garden. The UCSC Farm and the Alan Chadwick Garden are described above.

University Affiliated Research Center (UARC)

Under a 10-year, $330 million research contract between NASA and the University of California, which began in September 2003, UC Santa Cruz is leading the UC-wide UARC at NASA Ames. Research, which takes place at the NASA Ames’s Moffett Field facility, as well as at several UC campuses, focuses on multidisciplinary research in the following:

  • Materials, energy, and nanoscience
  • Information sciences
  • Biotechnology and fundamental space biology
  • Aerospace systems
  • Astrobiology (space, life, and Earth sciences)

In addition to research, UARC offers an educational program via its Systems Teaching Institute, which provides opportunities for students to work alongside university and Ames researchers, enhancing their educational experiences while training them to become 21st-century world-class scientists, engineers, and educators.

To learn more about UARC and its programs, go to

University of California Observatories/Lick Observatory

Lick Observatory was established on Mt. Hamilton in the 1880s as a result of the gift of James Lick, a Pennsylvania piano maker who came to San Francisco in 1848 and amassed a fortune through investment in California real estate. The observatory has been part of the University of California since 1888, when the Lick Trustees conveyed the just completed original installation to the Regents.

UCO/Lick astronomers became a partner with California Institute of Technology astronomers to operate and provide instruments for the W. M. Keck Observatory, located at the summit of Mauna Kea in Hawaii. The two Keck 10-meter telescopes began operating in 1993 and 1996. These are the largest and most capable optical/IR telescopes in the world.

In 1988 the Regents established an organization to manage the university’s ground-based optical and infrared observatories as a single unit. Known as the University of California Observatories (UCO), the organization includes Lick Observatory and UC’s component of the Keck Observatory. UCO is headquartered at UCSC; the Lick director serves also as the director of UCO. UCO/Lick plays a large role in the Keck enterprise: both of the Keck telescopes’ secondary mirrors were polished in the optical laboratory at Santa Cruz, and the high-resolution echelle spectro-graph (HIRES), designed and constructed in the instrument-development laboratories here, was the first Keck instrument to become fully operational. The laboratories have also designed and constructed instruments for the second Keck telescope, including a powerful new optical instrument to aid in the search for dark matter (DEIMOS) and a new medium-resolution echelle spectrograph and imager (ESI). Web:

As resident members of the Santa Cruz faculty, the UCO/Lick staff are members of UCSC’s Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, which offers the graduate program in astronomy and astrophysics and an undergraduate minor (see page 143). A B.S. degree in astrophysics is offered through the Physics Department (see page 411). The UCO laboratories are located on campus, as are optical, electronics, engineering, programming, and detector and instrument-development groups. There are resources for measurement, analysis, and computation of data on campus as well.

The telescopes and accompanying facilities on the 3,762-acre reservation on Mt. Hamilton east of San Jose are operated as an observatory, with faculty, research, and student observers commuting to the facility. Telescopes include the Lick 36-inch refractor, the Carnegie 20-inch twin astrograph, and the CAT 24-inch, Crossley 36-inch, Nickel 40-inch reflectors, and the Katzman 30-inch robotic reflector, dedicated to searching for supernovas. The newest telescope is the Automated Planet Finder, which is in the final stages of completion. The largest and most powerful of the Lick telescopes is the Shane 120-inch reflector, which was completed in 1959 and is one of the world’s most effective telescopes. The observatory’s equipment also includes a variety of auxiliary instruments used in connection with observations at the 120-inch telescope. Among the most recent is the Hamilton echelle spectrograph, judged to be one of the world’s most efficient instruments for high-resolution analysis of the light of stars and galaxies and the instrument by which astronomers have discovered new planets outside our solar system. Other instruments include the Kast double spectrograph, a pioneering example of UCO/ Lick’s innovative instrumentation capabilities; the multiple-object spectrograph, which gives astronomers the opportunity to look at the spectra of 100 objects simultaneously; and the prime-focus Wide Field Camera, capable of taking digital images of large areas of the sky. One of the most exciting technological innovations developed at Lick Observatory, in conjunction with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, is the use of an adaptive-optics system with an artificial laser-produced guide star to correct distortions to incoming light caused by the blurring effects of the atmosphere. The observatory is a systemwide facility used extensively by observers and students from other UC campuses and the national laboratories.

UCSC’s courses in astronomy and astrophysics are taught on campus. Advanced students gain observing experience with the Mt. Hamilton telescopes and conduct research directed by the staff.

UCO/Lick astronomers work on a wide variety of astrophysical problems, including solar system and star formation, stellar evolution, the origin and evolution of the Galaxy and external galaxies, abundances of the chemical elements, and the size, structure, and evolution of the universe.

Since 2000, UCO has been a partner in a project to build a giant telescope (30-meter diameter primary mirror) and the adaptive optics systems and instruments that will make this the most powerful astronomical facility of the coming decades. This project—in a $63 million design and development phase—is called the Thirty-Meter Telescope (TMT).

Center for Adaptive Optics (CfAO)

The Center for Adaptive Optics is a Science and Technology Center that was funded for 10 years by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and is now funded by the University of California. The Center is headquartered at UC Santa Cruz, with members from eight other UC campuses and with many academic and industrial affiliates. Its mission is to advance and disseminate the technology of adaptive optics (AO) in service to science, health care, industry, and education. Its goal is to lead the revolution in AO by developing and demonstrating the technology, creating major improvements in AO systems, and catalyzing advances nationwide. The CfAO implemented a highly successful education program to teach our graduate students methods of inquiry-based science teaching, and to apply this knowledge in programs that attract and retain a new generation of scientists, particularly among women and underrepresented minorities. This education program now resides in the Institute for Scientist and Engineer Educators at UCSC, which serves graduate students throughout the science and engineering fields. The Akamai Workforce Initiative, a partnership between the University of Hawaii’s Institute for Astronomy, UCSC’s CfAO and ISEE, and Maui Community College, runs education and internship programs in Hawaii. The CfAO is building on UC’s strong leadership in AO by connecting UC campuses, by fostering research collaborations across disciplines, and by developing the next generation of young leaders in this field. The center brings together UC astronomers and visions scientists, today’s primary users of AO, with UC engineers and technologists who design and construct these systems. A hardware-based outgrowth of the center, the Laboratory for Adaptive Optics within UC Observatories, was established through a $9 million grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. This state-of-the-art laboratory explores new AO techniques, develops and tests new components, and provides training for our students and postdocs. E-mail:
Web: and

Revised: 8/13/12